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Best Resume Examples for a Variety of Jobs. Do you need to is packet, write a resume? Knowing how to start can be the modern clothes, biggest challenge and looking at examples can be very helpful. The following samples are among the best resumes and illegal, you can use them as a starting point for creating your own resume. They vary greatly in skill level, profession and Essay, format and is packet, are filled with inspiration.

Take notes as you browse the examples, this will help you remember what you like and dislike and which elements you want to include when you begin writing your own. Imagery! The first step to writing a great resume is to choose the best type of resume for is packet your work history, experience and the jobs you#39;re applying for. Browse these examples to Analysis Essay, get a sense of your options before choosing the right format for sniffing illegal you. Chronological Resume - A very traditional resume format that focuses on your work experience and lists previous jobs in order. Gothic Clothes! Functional Resume - Focus on your skills and sniffing illegal, expertise with a minor emphasis on the companies you worked for. Combination Resume - Combine the elements of chronological and Case Essay examples, functional resumes to highlight both your skills and previous employment. Targeted Resume - Write a resume tailored to illegal, the specific position you#39;re applying for. Mini Resume - Everyone in your job search does not need to see a full-length resume, use the example to write one that#39;s brief and to the point. Nontraditional Resume - From a video to about The French, an online portfolio, discover how to create and use a resume that is unique.

Resume Examples with Specific Highlight Sections. Every job seeker#39;s experience and goals are different and it#39;s important to is packet illegal, add sections to your resume that highlight what makes you the best candidate. In these resumes, you will find examples of specific sections that can help you direct a hiring manager#39;s attention to what you feel is most important. Resume with Profile Statement - Give a brief and specific overview of your skills. Resume with Accomplishments Section - Highlight your career accomplishments at modern clothes, the top of your resume to show off your biggest achievements. Resume with a Branding Statement - Create a short, catchy statement that sells you and illegal, your skills. Resume Example with Headline - Add a headline to bring attention to your value as a candidate. Resume with Summary of free Qualifications - Summarize your entire resume in illegal, a well-written paragraph that gets to the heart of your work experience and skills. Important! Resumes for Executive and Management Positions. The following resumes are good examples for individuals in management and executive positions. They can be used when applying for other office and business jobs as well.

The highlights of these resumes are the supervisory experience and business management. These are skills that employers are looking for when hiring business professionals and sniffing illegal, it is best to include concrete facts and examples of your achievements. Trail! The world of business is vast and there is a great variety of positions available in sniffing, it. Pakistan! The examples below are a sampling of great resumes used by business professionals. No matter your skill level or the position you#39;re applying for, these resumes should provide inspiration while writing your own. They include various skill sets and experience, which will help you along the way.

Positions in the tech industry are particularly competitive and it is extremely important that your resume stands out from your competition. You need to be specific about your skills, the programs you#39;re proficient with, and it#39;s good if you can give examples of end results as well. Sniffing Illegal! Many resumes in the technology space include a #39;Technical Skills#39; section in clothes, which you list every program, language, etc. Sign up for the Doyle Report and get expert job-hunting advice sent straight to your inbox, with tips on writing a great resume and acing your interview! you know. It gives your prospective employer the chance to quickly understand where your skills lie.

Resumes for Education and Human Services Positions. If your career is in education or any field related to human services, your resume needs to highlight both your work experience and certifications. Be sure to include any professional licenses or affiliations you have as well. You will notice that a number of these sample resumes feature volunteer experience. What you do outside the workplace can have an impact in landing a great job in is packet sniffing illegal, these fields, so it#39;s worth noting any volunteer work you do. Shoes Pakistan! Careers in healthcare are filled with technical skills as well as patient interaction and both should be highlighted in is packet, your resume. Nurses, therapists and important, medical specialists should include any certifications and licenses you hold as well as details of your work experience. Volunteer experience is also a nice addition to healthcare resumes because it shows the hiring manager that you have compassion off the job as well. If possible, include how you went above the is packet, call of duty or add any significant career achievements. Every trade position has a specific set of skills that are required on the job and it is The Knowledge Essay, important that you highlight your technical training in your resume. Is Packet Sniffing! Include any certifications, licenses, affiliations and achievements that are relevant or necessary to your field.

Notice how the modern, example resumes are very specific when it comes to technical skills. Many also include supervisory and management experience as well as the adherence to codes and the ability to troubleshoot technical problems. Resumes for Writers, Creatives, and Freelancers. Freelancers, writers, and other professionals in is packet sniffing, creative fields may have the most difficult time writing a resume. Your jobs may be varied, your experience and skills vast, and Essay, it can be difficult getting it all on paper.

There are many ways to approach these types of resumes and the examples should help you find a direction that#39;s right for you. You are a creative, so you need to put some of that ingenuity into writing the most effective resume you can. You might also consider developing a curriculum vitae (CV) and is packet sniffing, have that available as well. Resumes for Customer Service Jobs. Customer service is a key element in many jobs and it is Analysis, important that you focus on is packet sniffing illegal that in your resume. Whether you are applying at a restaurant, a hair salon or a local store, the Essay Prodigy, hiring manager will want to know that you will put their customers first. Some of these resume examples also include specific skills required for the position. For instance, a chef may choose to highlight the presentation and speed involved in serving meals to customers. A stylist will want to focus on special treatments they have learned and a retail associate may want to show off their merchandising expertise. Also, be sure to include any special honors or achievements you have received. Sniffing Illegal! Were you the Analysis Essay, employee of the month?

Did you reach a high sales goal? Teenagers and recent college graduates may need to write a resume as well and this can be tricky because of your limited work history. You will need to supplement your resume with other achievements. Include volunteer work and accomplishments at school in your resume and use these examples to learn how to feature them. Is Packet! Employers understand that you are young and The Knowledge Essay, looking to add to illegal, your experience, so give them as much as you can that shows you#39;ll be a valuable employee.

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Is packet sniffing illegal

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Ossett - the history of a Yorkshire town. My grandfather was a coal miner all his life. It was a difficult and dangerous occupation, yet essential for the development of industry in the U.K. miners were judged so important that they were given exemption from military service in WW1 and is packet sniffing illegal, WW2. Important? There were coal strikes at the pits in is packet, Ossett in 1893 and 1926 that I am aware of, and pakistan, probably others that haven't been documented. Although my grandfather didn't work in the Ossett or Gawthorpe mines, I am intrigued by the history of Ossett's coal industry, which employed a large proportion of the men in the town around the end of the 19th century and beyond. The pits at illegal old Roundwood, Gawthorpe and Shaw Cross were substantial and there were many more smaller undertakings dating back to why is imagery the 1790s or earlier. The men who worked in these mines endured terrible working conditions and accidents were common. Much evidence of the many horrific mining accidents in the Ossett coal mines can be found in the archives of the is packet, ' Ossett Observer ' and I have reproduced just a few of the reported incidents in this account. There were many more. It is said that in 1965, the NCB had records of twenty-six different coal mines in The Knowledge Issue, Ossett. However, first indications suggest that there were many more mines than twenty-six and there were certainly many more mineshafts within the boundaries of the town, which have all now been properly filled up.

The old colliery workings at Low Laithes came to national prominence in March 1973 when it was found that a build-up of water in the old workings at the abandoned 19th century pits caused the terrible disaster at Lofthouse Colliery when seven men lost their lives from a huge inrush of water and sludge. It was later estimated that the old mine workings at Low Laithes had become an underground reservoir containing nearly 3 ½ million gallons of water. Shortly after the disaster, which happened at 2am the 21st March, a surface visit was made to the site of the old Low Laithes Colliery and is packet, it was found the Bye Pit was exposed and water could be heard falling down the shaft. It was also reported that the Engine Pit and Bull Pit were exposed and pakistan, water could also be heard falling down them. There was little doubt that there was a direct relationship between the is packet illegal, inrush of water into the Lofthouse workings and Case Analysis Essay, the water pouring down these old shafts. It is known that a coal mine was established at sniffing Gawthorpe as long ago as 1366 during the reign of Essay Edward III.

Above: Westfield Colliery circa 1880. Originally owned by Joshua Wilby and sniffing illegal, located close to the old GNER railway, which connected Ossett with Batley and Wakefield. When Wilby died in 1881, the colliery was purchased by Henry Westwood and Company. A relatively small mine, in service shoes pakistan, 1896 it employed 56 underground workers and 11 surface workers. Is Packet Illegal? The manager was Mr. J. Simpkin and the under-manager, Mr. J. Wilkinson.

Smithson's New Park Colliery, Low Laithes. In 1743, James Fenton leased land to extract coal belonging to the Earl of Cardigan in the area surrounding Bushy Beck, near Low Laithes in why is important, the townships of Ossett-cum-Gawthorpe, Alverthorpe and West Ardsley. In the event, only a small part of the coalfield was worked and that was in the Ardsley area, because of the difficulty in sniffing, transporting the coal to the Calder, which was about four miles away. The first recorded pits in Ossett were probably in why is, the Low Laithes area and date back to the 1790s. Robert Smithson (1747-1800) was a gentleman farmer and maltster who leased Low Laithes Farm from the Earl of Cardigan like his family had done for years before him. Smithson leased land nearby his home at Low Laithes to develop his New Park, Kirkhamgate or old Low Laithes Colliery (as it was variously known) from 1796. In 1798, he and his Wakefield associate, cloth merchant John Charnock (1752-1811), opened their version of is packet illegal New Park colliery and 'Smithson's Tram Road' connecting it with the Calder and turnitin free trail, Hebble Navigation at Thornes Wharfe, Wakefield. The railway was horse powered and had L-section rails mounted on stone block sleepers. There was a parallel railway covering almost the same route to collieries (also confusingly called 'New Park Colliery') owned by is packet illegal, Smithson's arch rival and Yorkshire coal-king, William Fenton. Fenton's railway crossed Smithson's on the level near Wakefield, and for several miles higher up the valley towards the pits, the two lines actually ran side-by-side.

Fenton's railway was powered by imagery, bullocks rather than horses. Robert Smithson died in 1800, and it is said that his early death was partly as a result of the bitter business rivalry with William Fenton, which continued after his death. Sniffing? For a few years, Smithson's collieries and tramway were run by a consortium of Prodigy trustees headed by Smithson's well-to-do cousin William Smithson (1750-1830) of Ledston Hall and later Heath; his own brother Joshua Smithson and is packet, his brother-in-law Thomas Preston of Halifax. In 1818, Robert Smithson's farm and malt business (valued then at £8,906) was bequeathed to his son, also Robert. A three-quarter share in Smithson's collieries and tramway (and the debts due to them) was passed to Smithson's youngest son Joshua Smithson (1791-1867) who continued with the coal business under difficult circumstances until he failed financially in 1850. During the early years, the relatively small numbers of free colliers working in Smithson's pits can be illustrated in the case of Ossett-cum-Gawthorpe by the use of the poor rate assessments as a basis for rating of the number of is packet sniffing illegal colliery face workers. The Knowledge? In 1820, Smithson's Gawthorpe colliery had fourteen face workers and there were five more at sniffing Paleside. By 1823, this had risen to eighteen at Gawthorpe and seven at Paleside. In 1833, there was a prolonged strike at Smithson's colliery in Ossett. An attempt was made to bring in 'blackleg' labour to replace the striking miners. Joshua Smithson described the Case Analysis, plan as a complete turn-out of colliers.

The 'blackleg' labour force was provided with houses and even bedding. Is Packet Sniffing Illegal? Many of the men brought their wives and families to the area. It was noted that four of the 'blacklegs' sold the The Knowledge Issue, bedding that they had been provided with and ended up in front of the local magistrate accused of theft. At the Bye Pit at Low Laithes, Ossett, records show that in sniffing, 1844, four coal miners, who were aged between 60 and 70 years, earned on average, a weekly wage of £1-1s-3d each. However, at Bye Pit No. The French Prodigy? 5, seventeen colliers earned up to £1-5s-6d for an eight hour day. For this, they had to fill twenty corves (coal wagons) a day with coal.

By the end of the 1840s, the colliers were being paid 3s-3d for getting one dozen of coal at the face and 3s for straitwork. Sniffing? Straitwork is the work involved in extending the access tunnels to the area of the coalface. Fatal Colliery Explosion at trail Low Laithes - December 3rd 1859. Smithson's colliery had a low fatality rate, although in 1859 when the is packet sniffing illegal, Low Laithes colliery business had been bought by Benjamin Roberts, there was a fatal accident at Bull Pit and this was recorded as follows: Mr. Taylor, Coroner for the horour of Pontefract, held an inquest on Monday evening, at Alverthorpe, near Wakefield, respecting the death of David Beacher. On the 28th November 1859. Beacher and another man, named Brown, were working together at a bank in modern gothic clothes, the Bull Pit of the Low Laithes Colliery, belonging to Mr. Benjamin Roberts, under the is packet illegal, direction of John Noble, the steward.

Noble told the men to get the coal until they got to the old works ; but he gave no orders about lamps, and they worked with naked candles. Both men placed their candles upon the edge of the solid coal, when the modern clothes, gas from the old workings fired at sniffing that of Beacher. The two men were badly burned but Beacher most severely. A third person, a burrier, was also burned. Beacher died from his injuries on Saturday morning last. Verdict - Accidentally burned. There was no formal contract for The Knowledge Essay, colliers to serve for a fixed period in Smithson's mines and is packet illegal, they could leave their employment as and when they desired. Of course, this arrangement worked both ways and coal miners could be summarily dismissed without comeback.

These were the days before Unions were established. Between 1834 and service pakistan, 1850, Smithson made profits of £4,320 in nine of the years and is packet sniffing illegal, losses of £3,690 in the other seven years. This left a net profit of only £630, or about £40 a year over the entire period. About Prodigy? Clearly, the modest profits could not sustain the rentals and by 1850, the business had failed. By 1850, Smithson had ten working pits in Ossett, close to where Low Laithes Golf Club is now situated.

These pits all took coal from sniffing illegal, either the Haigh Moor seam or the Gawthorpe seam. The first recorded instances of coal workings in Ossett date back to the 13th and 14th century after woodland was cleared and coal was beginning to be used as fuel. There were several day holes and simple mines located in various parts of Ossett. These pits were recorded in the Manor Court Rolls of Wakefield and examples are Rhode Pyttes, Coolepitt Close, Runtinge Pitts, Totteringe Pitts, plus many more unnamed workings. There are several references in modern, the Court Rolls of people mining for coal without the required licence from the Lord of the Manor. Sniffing? In 1332, three Ossett men were each fined 6d for trail, not filling in pits in the New Park and in 1339 all the inhabitants of Ossett were required to back fill all coal pits in the township that were worked out. In the 14th century the rolls record that Adam del Dene cut down trees, made waste the land, gardens and houses, which his mother held as a dower for is packet, digging coal. Clearly coal was becoming an important fuel not just for heating homes but as a fuel for industrial use such as the making of iron. Ironstone digging and smelting was an important local industry at around this time and was first carried out in about The French Prodigy, the New Park. In 1332 Adam de Gaukethorpe and William Carpenter were charged with digging an iron mine without a licence in the bond lands of the Lord of the Manor and were fined 3d each. John Sonman paid the Lord of the Manor 12d for a licence to dig a mine in Gawthorpe for stones to be used for iron smelting.

The first 1:10,560 large scale OS map of Ossett was published in illegal, 1851 and from that map, it is possible to identify most of Smithson's pits at Low Laithes. In addition there were several other coal mines in Ossett listed on the map. The following listing is an attempt to identify all the known coal mines in Ossett. Turnitin? There are many others, not listed here, identified only as 'old coal pit' and shown clearly within the is packet sniffing illegal, town boundaries of why is important Ossett on historic OS Maps. Some of these may have been shallow bell pits and it is known that when the underground reservoir along Chidswell Lane in Gawthorpe was excavated in 1877, between 200 and 300 tons of coal were removed and sold on is packet illegal, behalf of the Local Board.

The first eight mines listed here were part of the old Joshua Smithson undertaking at Low Laithes, which had been bought out by Benjamin Roberts after Smithson failed financially. The pit shafts were geographically separated by some distance, especially those located in the area of Gawthorpe. 1. Engine Pit(No. The Knowledge? 1), Low Laithes - 35 yards to is packet sniffing the Haigh Moor seam, owned by J. Roberts from 1850. 2. Bye Pit(No. 2 ), Low Laithes - 141 yards to the Haigh Moor seam and 71 yards to the Gawthorpe seam, owned by J. Roberts from 1850. 3. Barron's Pit (No. 6), Low Laithes - 120 yards to shoes the Haigh Moor seam and is packet illegal, 50 yards to the Gawthorpe seam, owned by J. Roberts from Case Analysis Essay examples, 1850.

4. Barron's Pit (No. 4 ), Low Laithes - 55 yards to the Gawthorpe seam, owned by sniffing, J. Roberts from Analysis Essay, 1850. 5. Illegal? Bull Pit (No. 7), Low Laithes - 140 yards to the Haigh Moor seam, owned by J. Roberts from 1850. 6. Lower Park Farm, Gawthorpe - 120 yards to the Haigh Moor seam, owned by J. Roberts from 1850. 7. Lodge Hill, Gawthorpe (Nos. 42 and 43) - 30 and imagery, 18 yards respectively to the Top Haigh Moor seam, owned by J. Roberts from sniffing, 1850. 8. New Lodge Colliery, Gawthorpe - owned between 1855-1889 by service, George and John Haigh and was most probably Lodge Hill (above). In 1874, the manager of the colliery, William Haigh and two under-managers, John and is packet, Isaac Oates were prosecuted at Dewsbury Petty Sessions for offences brought by the government inspector of mines, Mr. Wardell after a fatal colliery explosion in the pit that led to the death of Burman Lister, which could have been avoided. FATAL COLLIERY EXPLOSION 1 - On Saturday evening, a hurrier, named Burman Lister, of imagery important Ossett Street Side, near Dewsbury, died from the effects of an explosion of firedamp at the Gawthorpe Colliery on the previous afternoon.

Deceased and is packet sniffing illegal, a miner named Samuel Waterhouse had completed their day's work and turnitin free, were coming down one of the main roads with corves when the gas fired and both were severely burnt. Waterhouse had on a flannel shirt and he suffered less from the is packet illegal, scorching flames. The one Lister wore was of cotton and it was burnt off his back, which along with his arms, breast and face, was terribly scorched. The explosion caused great excitement among the Analysis, miners and sniffing, the injured men having been brought to the surface, the others were raised without delay. Lister died, as above stated, on Saturday evening. The explosion was caused by gas coming into to contact with a naked light, which was carried by the deceased as he and Waterhouse were walking down the hurrying road.

GROSS CARELESSNESS AT A WEST RIDING COLLIERY 2 - Yesterday an Essay about The French adjourned inquest was held at is packet sniffing Ossett Street Side, near Dewsbury, on the body of Burman Lister, coal miner, of Case that village who was killed by an explosion of gas at Messrs. Haigh's colliery, Gawthorpe on the 4th inst. Mr. Wardell, government inspector of mines, watched the proceedings, as also did Mr. Pickard, secretary of the West Riding Miners' Association. Evidence was given that on the 4th inst., about half-past one, the deceased and another youth named Waterhouse came along the is packet illegal, main air-road with lighted candles, they having ceased work for the day. On arriving at trail a drift or slit, the deceased went up, taking his naked light with him. An explosion followed and both youths were severely burnt, the deceased fatally. It transpired at the inquest that a labourer had several weeks ago received instructions to build a wall some distance up the drift, but to leave a hole, a foot square for ventilation. This he did, but about ten days before the accident he filled up the is packet, hole with dry bricks, not knowing, he told the jury, that he was doing anything wrong.

As it was stated that Waterhouse was in a very precarious state and service shoes, unfit to is packet be examined, the inquiry was further adjourned. THE LATE FATAL COLLIERY EXPLOSION AT GAWTHORPE 3 - Yesterday, the adjourned inquest was held on the body of Burman Lister, hurrier, who died on September 5th from injuries he received the previous day at Gawthorpe Colliery, through an shoes pakistan explosion of is packet fire-damp. From the evidence, it appeared that the deceased and a young man named Waterhouse were coming down the hurrying road and when opposite a disused working they both stopped and Waterhouse began to turnitin free dress himself, having previously stuck a lighted candle in some clay on is packet sniffing, the corve. Lister took the Analysis, candle up and said he would go to the drift and look at is packet sniffing the air pipes, as he could smell something. His companion told him to keep the candle down.

The deceased had just entered the drift when the turnitin free, explosion took place and they were both severely burnt. The jury recorded a verdict of Accidental Death. COLLIERY PROSECUTIONS AT DEWSBURY 4 - At the is packet, Dewsbury Petty Sessions, yesterday, William Haigh, of West Ardsley, the certified manager of the Gawthorpe Colliery was charged with neglecting to inspect the mine. The Knowledge? John and Isaac Oates, underviewers, were summoned for - the one for sniffing illegal, neglecting to enter in a book kept for the purpose, the state of the mine and the other with neglecting to fence off a drift in which there was an accumulation of The Knowledge Issue Essay inflammable gas and is packet illegal, with neglecting to exhibit a danger signal there. Through this neglect an explosion of gas took place in the pit on the 4th of September, resulting in The French, the death of one collier and in another being frightfully burnt. Haigh was fined £5, or two months imprisonment; Isaac Oates £3, or three months and John Oates £2, or two months.

In the course of the hearing it transpired that the sniffing, report book had not had a single entry made in it until three days after the explosion. Burman Lister was just 16 years of age when he died. Samuel Waterhouse lingered on a few weeks before he also died from the burns he had received in the accident. The five pound fine that William Haigh, the colliery manager received is the equivalent of free trail about £360 today on the basis of RPI inflation. Less than four months later, another miner would lose his life at Gawthorpe Colliery as a result of is packet sniffing illegal a terrifying fire in turnitin, January 1875: A COLLIERY ON FIRE 8 - Fire was discovered to have broken out on Friday (8th January 1875) in is packet sniffing, the colliery at The Knowledge Essay Gawthorpe, near Dewsbury, belonging to Messrs. J. and G. Haigh, and illegal, it is believed was caused by a hurrier boy accidentally igniting a canvas brattice by The French, his lighted candle. Seventy men and boys were in the mine at the time and great alarm was occasioned, as the flames spread to a quantity of wood and then set fire to the face of the coal. Is Packet Sniffing Illegal? The miners and hurriers rushed along the free trail, ways as the alarm spread and getting to sniffing the pit eye, were drawn up as quickly as possible. One, however, was left behind and Essay The French Prodigy, he was subsequently found lying dead at is packet sniffing illegal some distance from his working place, apparently having been suffocated.

His name was Richard Oldroyd, aged 39, and he leaves a widow and children. One of the Analysis Essay examples, miners that had got to illegal know that a fire was raging, called to Oldroyd as he ran past his working place, but the The Knowledge Essay, deceased was rather deaf, and it is supposed he did not hear the warning cry of his fellow worker, and was not made aware of the danger until he felt the suffocating gas. The body was discovered by an exploring party and in sniffing, a place where, if he could have gone four yards further, he would have had a stream of fresh air. The progress of the flames was arrested in the course of the day by stoppings being built and there is The Knowledge Issue Essay reason to believe that the fire has been extinguished. In the ' Ossett Observer ' 24th November 1888, the following piece was printed concerning a colliery strike and it gives us an idea of the size of the colliery and the attitude of the owners to their workforce: The miners employed at Messrs G J Haigh's Gawthorpe Colliery, about 30 in number, recently went on strike for illegal, a 10% advance in wages. The advance was conceded by the Yorkshire colliery owners generally, but Messrs. Haigh did not see their way to Case examples follow the example and consequently the strike still continues. Subscriptions have been gathered and levies received from is packet sniffing, other collieries in support of the men on strike. The strike was still going on into early December 1888, but after that there was no further word, so it is likely that the men returned to work, maybe in The Knowledge Issue, time for Christmas?

9. Wheatley's Colliery , Shepherd Hill, Flushdyke. In 1831, a Wakefield barrister and land speculator, Thomas Foljambe (1775-1851) purchased land at Hagg's Lane, near to Woollin's Roundwood mine, which he rented to another Wakefield man, Samuel Rhodes, for the purpose of sniffing illegal mining for coal. In 1833, Foljambe had built his grand residence Holmefield House in pakistan, Wakefield. Rhodes paid Foljambe an annual rental of 6% of the original purchase price and in 1831 Rhodes was selling 10 tons of coal per day, with another 20 tons per week going to a regular customer. Rhodes also sold 2 barge loads of coal (90 tons) per week, which had to be shipped from the colliery to the nearest canal in Wakefield. Rhodes died in early 1838 and by 1839, his widow had gone bankrupt. Sniffing? The colliery was then taken over by Charles Locke, whose family had recently sunk a new pit at nearby Snapethorpe, Wakefield.

The colliery was eventually bought by Charles Wheatley (1813-1900) who had been working a colliery at nearby Ossett Common (probably Lights Colliery) in 1836. Wheatley was a Mirfield colliery owner with significant land holdings in Ossett, some of which he had inherited from the Haigh family, who were also coal masters. In 1851, Wheatley had 110 men and 140 boys working in Case Analysis Essay examples, his coal mines. The Ossett colliery at sniffing Shepherd Hill was likely to be a relatively small undertaking and may even have been a day hole, which was simply a drift mine dug into the side of important a hill. Wheatley was still working the Shepherd Hill colliery in 1854 with a steam engine and his rateable value was £36.

Wheatley's colliery is likely to have closed down in the mid to late 1850s and was not working in1869. Wheatley was by then operating the Hagg Wood and Whitley Wood day holes in Dewsbury; the Bradley and Helm coal mines in Huddersfield and the Ledgard Bridge and Calder Day Holes at Mirfield. The latter mine, with an entrance on the bank of the canal close to Greenwood Lock, was driven into the hillside below Sands House, Wheatley's opulent Mirfield residence. By 1871, Charles Wheatley formed the is packet sniffing, Mirfield Colliery Company with Robert Barraclough and John Nevin and his mining operation in Ossett was finished. 10. Mount Pleasant Colliery , Shepherd Hill, Flushdyke was worked in the 1870s. 11. Love Lane Colliery , Love Lane, Pildacre.

12. Greaves Colliery , off Bridle Lane, Gawthorpe. The French? Owned between 1855-1872 by Wilson and Co. but then was called Gawthorpe Colliery and was probably Greaves Colliery, which was owned by Joshua Greaves prior to 1855. The pit finally closed 1872. 13. Streetside Colliery , behind the Red Lion Public House, Dewsbury Road and was owned first by Abraham Greaves until his death in 1843 and then by Ossett coal masters Joseph Greaves and Joshua Greaves. The colliery had four face workers in 1836.

14. Old Roundwood Colliery , was probably first known as John Woollin's Hagg's Lane Colliery and a plan exists of this site dating back to 1812. The original Roundwood colliery was located close to sniffing illegal the Ossett and free trail, Alverthorpe boundaries near to the top of Shepherd Hill at Flushdyke where mining had been carried on back to illegal at least the 14th century. Pakistan? The Woollin family worked Low and Scale coal there until giving up the lease in approximately 1839. The colliery at Roundwood first established in 1847 by Terry, Dawson and Greaves was said by John Oldroyd Greaves to be a very small affair at the top of Flushdyke Hill about one mile to the north of the later Roundwood colliery. They had simply taken over sniffing illegal the workings of a smaller, older pit, partially worked some years previously. The older pit was most likely Woollin's pit, closed in 1839. In 1847, Wakefield mining engineer, John Oldroyd Greaves (1824-1916), the trail, son of is packet Ossett coal master Abraham Greaves (1794-1842) founded the Old Roundwood colliery with two other investors in the name of Terry, Dawson and Greaves.

John Greaves had been articled to John Walker, the Wakefield based mining and civil engineer for five years in the 1840s and, for a short time after qualifying, had been manager of a colliery in Stanley owned by Robert Hudson and Co. The other partners in the concern were Benjamin Terry (1818-1882), who was born in Gawthorpe, the son of Percival Terry and turnitin free trail, William Anson Smith Dawson of Wakefield. Benjamin Terry became a law pupil at Haigh's, a Horbury firm of solicitors. After qualifying, Terry joined the firm of Carr, Nettleton and Terry as a partner and then moved to Bradford in 1844 setting up first in business in his own right and by 1864 as Terry Watson, Solicitors. In 1846, he married Alice Cooper Dawson in is packet illegal, Wakefield, who may have been related to his partner William Dawson. Terry entered public life and he served at one time as an Tory alderman of Bradford Council. He lived in some style at Barkhill House, Idle and when he died in 1882, he left an estate worth £40,000 (a considerable sum in The French, those days) plus a generous £500 per year annuity for his widow. Not much is known about William Anson Smith Dawson, the third partner in the enterprise. In the is packet sniffing, 1851 census, Dawson is unmarried and Essay, living at Roundwood, Alverthorpe with a house servant Ann Peace. He is listed as a coal proprietor employing 12 miners, 12 hurriers, 2 banksmen, 1 blacksmith, 1 boy and sniffing, 1 woman, which may well refer to the operation at Analysis Essay examples Roundwood colliery. Is Packet Illegal? His secondary occupation is that of a farmer of 19 acres, employing 1 man, 1 lad and turnitin, door (sic) labourers.

He was aged 25 years in 1851, having been born in 1826 at nearby Stanley, a village on the outskirts of Wakefield. However, by May 1953, Dawson had dropped out of the business and he died in is packet sniffing, Bradford in the summer of 1854, to service shoes be replaced by Watson Scatcherd, a Morley lawyer and squire. The three partners each putting up a sum of £500. In 1857, after Scatcherd had died in 1855, the accounts showed that Terry had advanced £1,150, Greaves the same and Scatcherd £950. When Scatcherd died, the business was carried on as Terry, Greaves and Co. When Benjamin Terry died in 1882, his two daughters continued in is packet illegal, business with Greaves until a limited company was founded until 1908. Benjamin Terry (or his daughters) and John Greaves never entered into a formal partnership since both men trusted the other implicitly and no legal agreement was ever needed. Perhaps as a result of the death of Scatcherd, the partners considered selling the colliery in 1857. Gothic? At this time, they also owned Manor Colliery, which was located on Ossett Common but was definitely not the colliery on Cross Lane in Wakefield, which co-incidentally, Terry, Greaves and is packet sniffing illegal, Co. did purchase much later. The Gawthorpe seam, which was the top portion of the well-known Barnsley seam and Issue, about three feet thick was mined originally, but this didn't last long.

The pit was in profit and balance sheets for Roundwood for 1857 and 1858 reveal profits of £1,702 and is packet, £2,032 respectively. However, if they were to continue, some serious decisions had to be made. Instead of selling up, Greaves and Terry decided as early as 1853 to develop Roundwood significantly by sinking two new shafts, a mile to the south of the original Flushdyke pit and close to the Wakefield - Ossett boundary. This would be the better-known location of Roundwood colliery at the top of Queen's Drive where coal would be worked for another 100 years or more. The second significant decision was to establish a railway link to Roundwood and an agreement was made in July 1860 with the The French, Bradford, Wakefield and Leeds Railway to is packet illegal build a mineral railway link to the Ossett Branch so that coal could be transported from Roundwood to more distant markets. At this time, there were still tolls on the Wakefield - Halifax turnpike, which all traffic going from Essay about, Roundwood downhill to Wakefield had to negotiate. However, in 1867, the firm advertised that it had agreed for tolls on coal beyond Westgate Moor Bar on the turnpike road to be removed. The new railway link to Roundwood was opened in January 1862 and for goods and passengers to a temporary terminal station at Flushdyke in April 1862. In 1860, two new shafts were sunk to the levels of the top and low Haigh Moor seams at 140 and 150 yards respectively. Is Packet Sniffing? These shafts were of the Engine Pit at 9 feet diameter and the Bye Pit at 10 feet in diameter.

Both shafts were walled with brick 5 inches thick with four water conduits behind the brickwork. The Engine Pit was sunk five yards below the bottom of the Essay about The French Prodigy, coal to form a sump and the Bye shaft was widened to is packet 13ft at the bottom. John Oldroyd Greaves continued with the management of Roundwood colliery but by March 1874, the partners agreed to sell Roundwood colliery to Thomas Stammers Webb of London and Cardiff. There had been a period of prosperity in the coal industry prior to 1874, but from 1874 there was a period of continued depression. Webb agreed to take a 5-year lease on Roundwood, with power to take on a 31-year lease for £35,000, the vendors agreeing to work the colliery and pay any profits to Essay Webb if he had first paid an sniffing initial £1,000 to Case Analysis examples them. Webb formed a new company, The Consolidated Collieries Co.

Ltd. with a proposed capital of £180,000 in £10 shares. The plan was for the company to take over is packet sniffing illegal three collieries - the New Forest Colliery in Neath, Glamorgan and the Bush Colliery, near Cardiff were the other two. In the event, the venture never got off the Essay about Prodigy, ground because of the deepening depression in the coal industry during 1876. By 1885, John Oldroyd Greaves was very ill and wasn't expected to live very long, but he eventually recovered and lived on in good health until 1916. In the event, his 17 year-old son Percy Christian Greaves (1868-1957) was forced to leave school and take charge of the family business, which he found in a parlous state. Percy Greaves had been born on Christmas Day 1868 and sniffing, was educated at Lockers Park School, Hemel Hempstead before going firstly to Wakefield Grammar School and then to Tonbridge School in Kent.

Percy Greaves was equal to the difficult task and applied his talents energetically to the running of Roundwood colliery. In July 1892, he obtained a first-class certificate as a colliery manager under the Coal Mines Registration Act of imagery 1887. At the time he was living at 69, Westgate, Wakefield with his parents. In 1889, Percy Greaves was responsible for the sinking of the new upcast shaft to a depth of 200 yards to sniffing the Silkstone seam. During the sinking of this new seam, in June 1888, two men were to lose their lives. The 'Ossett Observer' dated June 23rd 1888 gives the following account: On Wednesday last a shocking fatality occurred at Roundwood Colliery, Wakefield Road on clothes, the boundary of Ossett. Illegal? At present the Haigh Moor seam of coal is trail being worked, at a depth of 160 yards from the is packet sniffing, surface; but the proprietors of the colliery, Messrs. Terry and Greaves, are sinking about 190 or 200 yards further, in order to trail reach the Silkstone seam. The new sinking is being made as a continuation of the upcast shaft, which is 12ft in diameter; it has already progressed some 40 yards downward, and is expected to be completed this year. On Wednesday morning about half a dozen sinkers were at is packet work, and they had come up the shaft to the surface whilst some shots were being fired for blasting purposes.

After the shots went off, three of the imagery important, men got into the ordinary hoppet or bucket, and were lowered down the shaft by the engineman. In descending they had to pass the mouth of a ventilating furnace and there is some reason to suppose that this may have induced them to change their position in the hoppet. This would possibly cause some additional oscillation of the hoppet, which almost immediately struck the is packet, corner of the arch in modern clothes, the Haigh Moor seam. All three men were thrown out, but one of them, named Patrick O'Brien, of Wakefield, managed to clutch the edge of the hoppet. One foot of is packet illegal another was caught by O'Brien, who was, however, unable to hold it. Two men consequently fell a depth of shoes pakistan about 40 yards to the bottom of the newly sunk portion of the shaft, and were doubtless killed instantly. O'Brien, however, reached the bottom in safety. The deceased men were Mathew Harrison, aged 32, married, of Ashton-under-Lyne, and George Geary, aged 20, single, of Wakefield.

Harrison had only commenced working at the colliery the previous day. In November 1897, John Oldroyd Greaves, who by now was no longer involved in sniffing illegal, the active management of Roundwood colliery made two of his sons, Percy Christian Greaves and John Henry Greaves (born 1871) partners in why is imagery, the family business of is packet illegal land agents, mining engineers and colliery proprietors. Greaves senior had bought the Snapethorpe Hall estate in Wakefield on behalf of the colliery partnership in November 1891. Meanwhile, Percy Greaves, despite his tender years, was able to take the running of the Analysis Essay examples, family business in his stride and he soon became one of the leading mining experts in northern England. Percy Greaves' obituary that appeared in the The Times newspaper on Friday, 25th October 1957 says this of him: comparatively few days passed when he was not to be seen at the pit-head or down the shaft of is packet one of his own collieries or one of those of the many people who readily consulted him as, perhaps, the best known mining engineer in the north. His pride in his own pits was unbounded. He knew the men and shoes, their problems personally.

He was at the forefront in the introduction of new methods, making for is packet illegal, safety and efficiency, and it was his proud boast, evoking the sincere admiration of his many friends that, from 1886 until the nationalization of the mines (1947), none of the groups of collieries under his control had ever suffered a single strike apart from the Case examples, national strikes, which affected the illegal, whole country. By 1896, the manager of Roundwood was Mr. F. Why Is? Flint, and the under-manager was Mr. Is Packet Sniffing? H. Farrant. Gothic? There were 619 underground workers and illegal, 129 surface workers. By 1945, ownership of Roundwood was still with Terry, Greaves and Co., Wakefield, but the colliery was now managed by Mr.

H. H. Burton with two under-managers. Mr. H. Newell and Mr. J. Morley. There were now 521 underground workers and 120 surface workers. Above: Picture of Old Roundwood Colliery from the early 1900s. The building on the right-hand side of the picture is a brickworks.

The brickworks was subsequently closed, but it was proposed to reopen them to produce building bricks for why is imagery important, Ossett's council house building programme in the 1920s and is packet sniffing illegal, 1930s. In the event, this never happened and bricks were sourced elsewhere. In June 1895, the shoes pakistan, ' Ossett Observer ' published details of An Alarming Accident at is packet illegal Ossett Collieries - Two Cages in Collision - Miner fatally injured. The account, reproduced below gives a good insight into the working conditions at pakistan Old Roundwood: On Thursday morning, an accident of is packet sniffing illegal a serious and unusual nature occurred at free trail the Ossett Roundwood Collieries (Messrs. Terry, Greaves and Co.) There are three seams of coal, worked by means of three separate shafts. One of these shafts, about 350 yards deep, passes through the Cannel seam at a depth of 240 yards, and goes down to the Silkstone. Sniffing Illegal? About 160 men and boys are employed in The Knowledge, the Cannel seam, and among these was Richard Renshaw (35), a married man, residing in Teal Street, Ossett.

Renshaw was a hanger-on in the Silkstone seam, and about quarter past six o'clock in is packet, the morning, he was ascending in one of the cages, a two-decker, to The Knowledge Essay the Silkstone landing. The cages are guided by thimbles working on wire conductors of sniffing illegal 1.5 inches in diameter. Essay About Prodigy? Through some unexplained cause, the sniffing illegal, ascending cage came into contact with the brickwork at the side of the shaft, and almost immediately afterwards collided with the descending cage. Owing to the velocity with which the cages were travelling, the why is imagery important, collision damaged both, and gave a terrible shock to poor Renshaw, who was in the descending cage alone. He eventually reached the bottom in a helpless and paralysed condition suffering from spinal injuries. He was taken up another shaft to the surface, and removed to his home, where he died the same evening. Work in sniffing illegal, the Cannel seam had to be suspended for two days. At the inquest, which was held at the Little Bull Inn, Teal Street, it was concluded that it had never been know for the cages to catch before, but evidently they had caught this time. It was an unforeseen event and nobody could be held responsible, although something could be done to prevent a recurrence. Service Pakistan? They returned a verdict that the unfortunate deceased was accidentally injured.

An extension of the Ossett borough boundary in 1900 brought Roundwood Colliery, owned by Terry, Greaves and Company Limited into the town. Is Packet Illegal? Mining ceased at this pit in service shoes, April 1966. Above: The biggest colliery in Ossett was Old Roundwood, so named in 1901 to avoid confusion with another Roundwood Colliery that had opened in sniffing, South Yorkshire, which had suffered financial difficulties. Roundwood was opened in 1847 and finally closed in 1966. Roundwood had 619 underground workers and The Knowledge, 129 surface workers and attracted workers from all parts of the area surrounding Wakefield.

Many miners from the Barnsley coalfields moved to Roundwood and is packet, settled in the Ossett Spa area. Roundwood Colliery was a large concern and mined the Cannel, Haigh Moor, Lupset, and Silkstone (new Hards) seams. It was noted in service, the 'Ossett Observer' dated 20th March 1948 that the following accident occurred at Old Roundwood: Twelve miners at Old Roundwood Colliery were injured, including two men with broken legs, when the cage taking them down to the Silkstone Seam for sniffing illegal, the night shift got out of control for the last 40ft of the descent and crashed into Case, the sump boards. The engine winder had fainted at the controls in the engine house. Like all other British collieries, Roundwood was nationalised in 1947 and became part of the National Coal Board empire. Old Roundwood colliery was finally closed in April 1966. Above: View of illegal Roundwood Colliery from the top of Queens Drive in the 1960s. Examples? After the pit was demolished, what is now the Holiday Inn was built on part of the old pit site. 15.

Thorn Tree Pit , Low Laithes adjacent to the Great Northern (LNER) railway line. The 16th green of Low Laithes golf course is believed to be located on the site of Thorn Tree pit. 16. Dewsbury Lane was opened before 1856 and closed in 1877. Owned between 1856-1870 by W. Is Packet Illegal? Hallas and between 1862-1876 by W. Gartside. Case Analysis? It was reported that in December 1871, a collier's supper was held in the George Hotel, Ossett for the miners at Mr. Gartside's colliery, which is likely to have been Dewsbury Lane colliery. The meal was for members of the colliery Sick and Accident Club, which was funded by the miners themselves from weekly subscriptions to sniffing pay the members during times of sickness. In 1871, there had been no accidents at the colliery and only £134 had been paid out in sickness benefit. Service? The managers of the colliery, Messrs.

T. Westwood and J. Is Packet Sniffing? Wilkinson were praised by the men for their work at the colliery. Thirty-six members of the club were present at the supper, suggesting a fairly small coal mine. 17. Field Lane Colliery , Gawthorpe near to the Flying Horse public house. The Field Lane colliery was worked by Joshua Greaves and after his death, in 1861, it was offered for sale in February 1862. Essay Examples? The advertisement in 1862 mentioned that the colliery was powered by a steam engine and that there was a 3ft seam of coal at illegal a depth of 30 yards with three leases - two expiring in 1877 and one in 1881. It appears that when the two leases expired in 1877 that the colliery was closed down.

Some more details about Field Lane Colliery following a particularly suspicious accident resulting in the death of 19 year-old Richard Broad: 5. WANTON OUTRAGE NEAR DEWSBURY - A MAN KILLED: On Thursday night last, an Analysis examples inquest was held at is packet sniffing the Shoulder of Mutton Inn, Gawthorpe, before Mr. Taylor, coroner, on the body of Richard Broad, who met with his death after falling down a pit shaft on the previous Tuesday. Mr. Morton, the Government inspector of mines, was in attendance and watched the Case Analysis examples, case, in consequence of the pit rope having been maliciously cut. The evidence went to show that the deceased was employed at Field-lane Colliery, Gawthorpe and had charge of the pumping engine. At this colliery there are two shafts, one used as a pumping and downcast and the other as as an upcast and is packet sniffing, drawing shaft. The only apparatus for reaching the bottom of the former is a windlass and a rope an inch and a quarter in diameter, and when men wish to go to the bottom, they attach a man-loop to the end of the rope. This man-loop consists of a piece of tough and strong wood, about thirty inches long, and near the ends are two holes about an inch and a half in diameter. Through these holes are drawn a piece of hempen rope an inch and Essay, a quarter in diameter, and the ends are securely fastened underneath. On the is packet illegal, day in question the deceased used this loop, examining it before he did so, and, having placed himself astride, he was lowered by two men to the bottom with a few tools where he repaired the pump clack.

Having finished his work, he gave the signal for ascending, and was raised to within half a yard of the platform, when the rope of the man-loop gave way at service shoes pakistan once close to both holes, and he was precipitated to the bottom. He was alive when reached, and is packet illegal, was removed home; but he died within a few hours. Broad sustained a fractured thigh, a fractured rib (one portion of the rib was driven into the lung) and a large scalp wound. Dr. Thornton, Church St,, Dewsbury and Case Analysis Essay examples, Mr Greenwood, Surgeon, Ossett attended. The broken rope was examined by the jury and was unanimously pronounced to have been cut.

It ought to have borne half a ton without danger. The deceased was a small, spare youth of nineteen years of is packet illegal age. An open verdict was returned. In the meantime the pakistan, police are making active inquiries in the matter. No person was criminated by sniffing illegal, the evidence offered to the inquest. 18.

Ossett , owned by Messrs Haigh - but as yet unidentified. 19. Crownlands Collier y, possibly the site of Northfield Colliery, which was owned by Westwood and shoes, Co. 20. West Field , owned by Joshua Wilby when it was opened in sniffing illegal, 1863. Modern Clothes? The colliery closed in 1908. In 1896, the illegal, owner was Westwood and Co., Ossett. Manager: J. Simpkin, Under-Manager: J. Wilkinson. In 1896 there were 56 underground workers and 11 surface workers. West Field colliery mined the Beeston, Middleton and Haigh Moor seams. 21.

Healey Lane , was owned by Charles Kilner and service shoes pakistan, Henry Slater trading as Hinchcliffe, Kilner and Co., when the sniffing, pit was first opened 1876. However, their partnership was dissolved in June 1886. Kilner was later declared bankrupt in June 1888, by which time he was living in the Green, Ossett and The Knowledge Issue Essay, was working as a colliery weighman and book-keeper. By 1896 the owners were John Wilby and Edward Mortimer, both of Ossett. The Colliery Manager was owner John Wilby, but there was no under-manager. There were only 18 underground workers and 5 surface workers at sniffing illegal the height of the pit's production. The Yorkshire Sheet 247.08 Ossett (SW) Combs 1905 map (O.S. reprint from 1890) by Alan Godfrey clearly shows a pit near the bottom of Healey Lane with a day hole linked by why is imagery important, tramline to a series of sniffing illegal buildings, which may have had pit shafts. There are other older mine workings below the turnitin free trail, house called Green Lea shown on the map suggesting extensive coal mining operations in the area over the years.

The colliery closed in 1899. 22. Is Packet Sniffing? Ox Close, was owned in 1880 by the Flockton Coal Co. Important? Limited. Ox Close opened in 1873 and closed in is packet sniffing illegal, 1881. Prodigy? The pit was sunk between 1873 and 1878. The owners between 1873-1875 were Whitworth and Co. and then between 1876-1880, Tolson Whitworth, who formed a limited company in September 1877.

The colliery had a lease on two beds of coal: the Joan Bed and the Flockton Thin Bed over an area of 48 acres. 11. The pit was not yet operational in 1877 as this excerpt taken from the Ossett Observer on the 11th August 1877 reporting an accident to a miner shows: On Tuesday evening last, shortly after 5 o'clock, a rather serious accident occurred at the new coal pit being opened out by Messrs. Is Packet Sniffing Illegal? Whitworth Co. in Case, Runting Lane. A heavy piece of pump gearing weighing about 4 tons was being lowered down the shaft by illegal, means of a capstan and two-inch ropes. It had reached within about important eighteen inches or so of the bottom when one of the ropes broke. Is Packet? Two men who were at the bottom fortunately got out of the way.

The half-dozen men who held the capstan bars, feeling the jerk, and Analysis examples, being startled, let go, with the exception of one, a miner, named John Grace, who was instantly knocked off his feet and thrown to the ground. He was found to sniffing illegal have sustained a compound fracture of modern one shoulder , injuries to his arms and back, etc. On his removal to his house at Ossett Common in a cab he was attended by Mr. Sniffing? J.G. Wiseman, surgeon, and Case Analysis Essay, is, as we hear, progressing as well as can be expected. The cause of the rope giving way is not known, as it was considered to be capable of bearing the illegal, strain of six tons. Ox Close was located in the Runtlings area of Ossett and medieval maps show the why is imagery important, presence of Runtinge Pitts in the Ox Close, which is bisected by Ryeroyde Lane . However, Ox Close is not shown on current maps, although it is thought it was so named at the time of the Ossett Inclosure around 1807. 23. Lights Colliery, was located north-east of the illegal, old Lights Bridge, which was near the location of the present Two Brewers public house and is shown on the 1851 1:10,560 OS Map. Many of the men who worked here were patrons of the Colliers Arms, later the Little Bull in Ossett Common, which dates back to at least 1830. The Wakefield Manor Rolls for Essay, 1709 refer to a small colliery at Ossett Lights and between 1712 and 1752, the colliery was operated there by Joseph Naylor.

Lights or a clearing in the woods was so named because the of the sniffing, way the woodland pasture was managed. Imagery Important? Trees were grown on the same land that was used for is packet sniffing, rearing stock (usually pigs). The branches of the trees were cut and used for The Knowledge Issue, fuel, fencing or building. This process was called pollarding (and is the sniffing illegal, derivation of the English surname Pollard) so that when the tree branches were cut, sunlight would reach the forest floor through the shoes pakistan, previously dense canopy of woodland, hence the name The Lights . Ossett Lights covered an estimated area of 254 acres, but presumably, by is packet, the time the colliery was established, much of the woodland had been completely cleared. 24. Manor Colliery, Middle Common, was located between Manor Road and Spa Lane in the area known as Drain Close. Why Is Imagery? The colliery dates back to the 18th century and was owned then by the Naylor family. Later, in 1857, the colliery proprietor was John Mitchell who, according to the 1843 Tithe Map of Ossett rented the land at is packet sniffing Drain Close from the gothic clothes, Ingham.

At some stage, Manor Colliery was owned by Terry, Greaves and Co., owners of Roundwood Colliery, probably prior to 1857. Is Packet? Manor Colliery is almost certainly the site of the Engine shown on Jeffrey's 1775 map. The symbol on the map looks like a windmill, but it seems more likely that it was a steam powered pumping engine at why is the coal mine. The local press 13 and illegal, 14 in turnitin, 1857 describes a fatal accident at the colliery, which gives us some indication of the scale of operations: A MAN KILLED BY FALLING DOWN A COAL PIT SHAFT Mr.

Taylor, coroner for the town of Pontefract, held an inquest, on Saturday last at illegal the Weaver's Arms, Ossett, on imagery important, the body of is packet Joseph Rushworth, blacksmith, 46 years of age. The deceased was employed in attending the engine of the Manor Colliery, Ossett during the day. (NOTE: Manor Colliery is given as located in Middle Common, Ossett and in the ownership of The French Prodigy colliery proprietor John Mitchell in the Leeds Mercury report of the same accident on illegal, 22nd December 1857). Last Tuesday evening Rushworth was relieved at the usual time by Luke Veale, the man who performed night duty. Rushworth went to Horbury and returning between ten and eleven o'clock at night, he went to the coal cabin. At that time he was tipsy. About? He remained there a few minutes, when, he got up saying it was too warm for is packet illegal, him there, left the cabin and was not seen again. On Friday afternoon last, a miner named Joseph Chappel went down the pumping shaft of the pit to unloose a rope which he had made fast to the bottom a week ago, when he was assisting to change the buckets. When he got about forty yards down the turnitin free, shaft, he saw the body of Rushworth suspended by is packet illegal, a stay, his head and legs resting on the plank. The body was mutilated, the legs broken, and the jaw-bone crushed in.

The shaft was only about 30 yards from the coal cabin and the deceased, being no doubt confused with the drink he had taken, had missed his way and fallen down the pit. Verdict -found dead with fractures. 25. Park Lane , Ossett was opened in 1862 and why is imagery, closed 1885. Owners between 1862-1874 were Cliffe and Co. then between 1876-1885, G J Haigh. The colliery, which had two working shafts, was located to left of Owlers Farm, Flushdyke.

26. Pildacre Colliery , Ossett was owned originally by Naylor and Co., and opened 1872, but closed in November 1910 after an inrush of water. By 1896 owners were John Naylor and is packet sniffing illegal, Co., Ossett. Manager: S. Broadbent and Under-Manager: J. Mann. There were 232 underground workers and 25 surface workers in 1896. Pildacre mined coal from the Flockton, Joan, Low Haigh Moor, Top Haigh Moor and Haigh Moor seams. The ' Ossett Observer ' for the 25th February 1893 carried the following report about Pildacre Colliery: Messrs. John Naylor and Co. Ltd. The half-yearly meeting of the shareholders of this company was held at Pildacre Collieries, Ossett, on Monday afternoon last.

The directors report for the half year ended December 31st showed a profit of £162 3s 9d. The Chairman, Mr. Service Shoes Pakistan? Edwin Mitchell J.P. in moving the adoption of the is packet sniffing illegal, report, said that the why is important, directors had continued the policy of developing and improving the efficiency of the colliery plant and is packet sniffing, workings, and Case Analysis examples, were now in sniffing illegal, a position to produce about free 1,500 tons of coal per week from the Joan and Flockton beds. Since the beginning of August last they had incurred considerable expense in opening out the sniffing illegal, Cannel seam at Pildacre, which was of a very fine quality and satisfactory thickness; next winter they hoped to turnitin send out a respectable quantity of Cannel, the is packet illegal, price of which was much higher than black coal. They now had over 50 wagons, the property of the company, and another 24 partially paid for. Turnitin Trail? The wages paid were now considerable (between £360 and £370 per week ) and the directors could not spare anything to secure safety in working the collieries. Is Packet Illegal? A man's life was of gothic more consequence than a dividend. The Chairman said that there had not been a serious or fatal accident at Pildacre for about seven years, which spoke well for the management. 27. New Low Laithes , owned by the Low Laithes Colliery Co.

Ltd was first opened in is packet, 1892 using existing pit shafts, which were widened in trail, 1890 and were probably the old pit shafts from the is packet sniffing, defunct New Lodge (Gawthorpe) colliery, which had closed in why is imagery, 1889. In September 1890, two local men employed as pit sinkers at New Low Laithes: Michael Glynn (51), Manor Rd., Ossett and John Murray (40), New St., Wakefield, were to is packet illegal lose their lives whilst working on widening the existing pit shafts from 9ft to 13ft in diameter. 9 They were working on a circular wooden platform 100ft down the pit shaft, which was suspended by heavy-duty iron chains. One of the four chains holding the platform was being re-attached when Glynn slipped, tilting the platform at why is a precarious angle. Glynn desperately tried to hold on to Murray, but only succeeded in pulling both of them to an instant death as they crashed down 150ft to the bottom of the old pit shaft.

Above: Rare picture of Low Laithes Colliery circa 1920 looking north. The house on the horizon is thought to be Low Laithes villa. Above: Another rare picture of Low Laithes Colliery courtesy of sniffing illegal Ian Taylor. His grandfather Ernest Hutchinson worked in a clerical capacity at Low Laithes until its closure in 1927, and this picture is from turnitin free trail, Mr. Hutchinson's photo album. Low Laithes Colliery was located to the west of Low Laithes Farm, and east of the sniffing, village of modern gothic clothes Gawthorpe, a few hundred yards along Gawthorpe Lane, which leads to Kirkhamgate and Bushy Beck.

The men from Gawthorpe who worked at the colliery used the shortest route, which was a footpath, shown on the map below going almost due west towards the village. Above: Map of the new Low Laithes Colliery off Gawthorpe Lane, Ossett dated 1908. The terminus of the Mineral Railway that ran to Flushdyke can be seen to the south-east of the colliery. In 1894 the sniffing illegal, site was shared with a brickworks. In 1896, the manager was A.B. Blakeley with the under-manager at the time C Copley.

There were 155 underground workers and 43 surface workers in imagery, 1896, but by 1908 this had increased significantly to 460 underground workers and 133 surface workers showing that the pit had expanded rapidly in the preceding 12 years. Above: Miners from is packet sniffing illegal, Low Laithes Colliery, Gawthorpe pictured in 1905 after an underground shift. The bottles were used for carrying water or cold tea for meal breaks underground. The colliery was affected by the Great Coal Strike of 1893 when the why is imagery important, Coal Owners Federation tried to is packet sniffing illegal impose a 25% wage cut on miners because of a fall in the price of coal. The men at Low Laithes went out on Essay about The French, strike for sniffing illegal, several months in the summer and autumn of Issue Essay 1893. At Low Laithes, the management offered a 15% reduction in is packet sniffing illegal, wages rather than the 25% reduction (of the 40% advanced since 1887), but this was unacceptable to the men's representatives and a rumour that Low Laithes was to be re-opened was quickly denied by the manager.

On the Issue, 17th November 1893, a settlement was arrived at on basis of the old rate of wages being paid until at least the 1st February 1894, with a Conciliation Board to follow in at least one year. Subsequently, the miners at Low Laithes returned to work the following week. Above: Winding Engine at Low Laithes Colliery, Gawthorpe which was used to pull the cage up the pit shaft. The man operating the is packet sniffing, controls is thought to be the manager Mr. David Arnold West. In 1908, the colliery was still managed by Mr. A.B. Gothic Clothes? Blakeley, followed in 1915 by Mr. David Arnold West, a mining engineer born in 1875 at nearby Birstall. By 1908, the output of the pit was 61,250 tons per annum, all produced by muscle power alone.

Low Laithes was served by is packet sniffing, what was called a 'mineral railway', which ran from Flushdyke to a rail terminus just south of the modern gothic, colliery. The coal from Low Laithes could then be transported via the is packet sniffing illegal, railway goods yard at Flushdyke to any part of the UK. The coal extracted from why is, Low Laithes was taken at various times from the Silkstone, Beeston, Haigh Moor, Flockton or Cannel seams and there was a ready market for is packet illegal, coal of this quality. Above: The winding engine house at Low Laithes Colliery with the Analysis, water softener and steam accumulator circa 1920. The New Low Laithes Colliery, now owned by W. and E.H. Middlebrook, ceased production in May 1927, and the sister colliery at nearby Wrenthorpe also closed at the same time. The effects of the 1926 General Strike were causing severe economic problems at the time and is packet illegal, trading was difficult with many coal miners either on Essay, shortened working weeks or having already been made redundant. The Ossett Observer in December 1928 noted that the chances of the Gawthorpe pit re-opening were remote and sadly it never did, despite probably being viable. In the event, the site changed hands, re-emerging as the Doric Kerb Works producing concrete drainage ducts. Is Packet Sniffing? The Doric works were derelict in the 1960s and it is believed that production ceased completely in the 1950s.

28. Turnitin? Northfield , Ossett opened in 1896 and closed in 1917. The colliery was owned in 1896 by C. Newsome, and in illegal, 1899 by Analysis Essay examples, Shaw's Linfit Lane Coal Co. By 1917, Northfield was owned by the Northfield Colliery Co. Ltd. It is most likely that Northfield and Crownlands Colliery are the sniffing, same site. In 1908, there were 61 underground workers and 10 surface workers so this was a relatively small undertaking. The manager in 1908 was Mr. S. Broadbent.

29. Shaw Cross , Owl Lane on the Ossett - Dewsbury border, was owned by C. B. Crawshaw and Warburton and first opened in 1903 and closed in Case Essay examples, 1968. Is Packet Sniffing? In 1896, the manager was G.F. Blacher and the under-manager was P. Winstanley. By the early 1900s, there were 228 underground workers and 45 surface workers, but the colliery expanded significantly. Above: Shaw Cross Colliery as seen from Owl Lane, Ossett.

The pit baths were on trail, the opposite side of Owl Lane. Above: Miners leaving Shawcross Pit after completing a shift underground circa late 1960s. 30. Storrs Hil l, Ossett, close to the Weavers Arms, was owned by W. Wilcock and was opened in 1901 and closed in 1908. Sniffing Illegal? The pit was not working between 1904-1908. 31.

Longlands , Ossett was first opened in 1910 and abandoned in May 1923. The colliery was owned by Case Analysis Essay, the Northfield Colliery Co, Ossett and mined the Haigh Moor seam. 32. Greatfield Colliery , was opened in 1913 and closed September 1954. The pit was initially sunk between 1913-1916 and was owned in 1945 by the Northfield Colliery Co. Ltd., Ossett with manager: A.W. Is Packet Sniffing? Thompson and no under manager. In 1945 there were 49 underground workers and 11 surface workers. In 1947, the colliery was nationalised and came under NCB ownership.

Above: A group of Ossett coal miners at Greatfield Colliery in the early 1950s. Above: A group of miners at Greatfield Colliery, Ossett circa 1956, which was always referred to as Westwood's Pit. My thanks to David Maddison who recently contacted me and has identified his father Jack Donald Maddison on the back row, 2nd from the left. The miner with the impressive ZZ-Top beard, second from the Case Essay, right on the back row is Harry Bains. 33. Is Packet? Whinny Moor , is listed as an Essay Ossett pit, although geographically it was actually located between Lupset and Wakefield. The colliery was first opened in 1869 and abandoned in June 1913. The owners between 1869-1873 were Hargreaves, Naylor and Co. In 1896, the is packet sniffing illegal, colliery was owned by John Naylor and Co., who was also the The Knowledge Issue Essay, owner of Pildacre Colliery in Ossett. In 1896, the manager of Whinny Moor Colliery was S. Broadbent with the under-manager being J. Is Packet Sniffing? Hudson. There were 37 underground workers and 7 surface workers.

Collieries adjacent to Ossett. Many Ossett and Gawthorpe men worked at the pits just outside the town boundaries and the nearest four pits are as follows: 1. Chickenley Heath , Dewsbury, was leased by Joshua Greaves in 1854. By 1857 it was noted that the why is imagery important, Greaves Brothers had a 40 yard shaft at Chickenley Heath colliery and one man who had worked for is packet sniffing illegal, them for six years. In 1861, after the death of Joshua Greaves, the lease of coal at Chickenley Heath was assigned to Gawthorpe butcher and pakistan, farmer Joseph Terry and two others, most probably the Greaves brothers. In July 1862, the local press 10 had a notice that the partnership of John Henry Greaves and Charles Howard Greaves, trading as Greaves Brothers and Co., at Chickenley Heath was being dissolved and that from the 31st March 1862, the business would be carried on by John Henry Greaves alone. Chickenley Heath colliery was owned in 1880 by the Chickenley Heath Coal Co., Dewsbury. In 1896, the sniffing, manager was Mr. A.B. Blakeley and the under-manager was Mr. M. Rayner.

There were 122 underground workers and 12 surface workers at clothes this time. 2. Chickenley Wood , Dewsbury, in 1880 the owner was the Chickenley, Wood Coal Co. 3. Chidswell , Dewsbury, In 1880 and 1896, the owners were C. Sniffing Illegal? Crawshaw and Warburton, Dewsbury. The manager in about Prodigy, 1896 was Mr. G.F. Blacher and the under-manager was Mr. P. Winstanley with 248 underground workers and 17 surface workers. Sniffing? Since the service, owners, the manager and the under-manager are the same as those who were at Shaw Cross in 1903, it seems likely that Chidswell Colliery was an earlier variant of Shaw Cross, with possibly new pit shafts being sunk at Shaw Cross in 1903. In March 1888, the local press 12 carried a report describing a fatal accident at the pit, which was described then as being located in Leeds Road, Ossett: FATAL EXPLOSION AT OSSETT COLLIERY.

An inquest was held at Ossett yesterday by Mr. T. Is Packet Sniffing Illegal? Taylor, coroner, touching the death of George Brook (45), colliery labourer, Naylor-street, Ossett, who was killed on Monday at Messrs. Crawshaw and gothic, Warburton's collieries, Leeds-road. Mr. F.N. Wardell, H.M. Inspector of Mines watched the proceedings. The evidence stated that three other men working with the deceased had a narrow escape with their lives and had been severely burnt.

Isaac Kilburn, pit sinker deposed that on sniffing illegal, Monday last he and another man named Waterhouse were working in The Knowledge Issue Essay, a staple or ventilating shaft between two seams known as Flockton and Old Hards. Is Packet Sniffing Illegal? They were widening the shaft and Essay The French, stood on a scaffolding fixed therein. After they had been working for between two and three hours with naked candles and without noticing anything unusual, gas came up the shaft, and there was a violent explosion. The scaffolding was blown away, and Waterhouse and witness, both burnt were left clinging to the ledge of brickwork at the side of the shaft. The deceased and another man, who were working a jack-roll or windlass at the top of the shaft were also scorched, and illegal, the planking on which they stood was displaced, causing the deceased to fall down the shaft. When assistance came, Brook was quite dead. James Pomfret, the Deputy in charge at the time stated that the cannel seam was chiefly worked at the collieries, which employed a large number of men. Next, below this was the Flockton seam, in which the deceased was at The Knowledge the time of the explosion and lowest of all, the Old Hards, which was being newly opened out. He examined the workings in is packet illegal, the latter seam prior to service the accident and found them free from gas and when he entered them afterwards, he found the ventilation in good order still.

In answer to questions by is packet sniffing illegal, the Inspector, he said that eastwards of the bottom of the staple shaft was a heading driven, the further progress of which had been checked by a fault. When he examined that part of the workings on Monday morning, he did not go up to the fault, because part of the header was standing nearly up to the roof in water, but he examined the the edge of the water with his safety lamp and found no trace of Essay The French Prodigy gas, a good current of air coming over the water. The jury returned a verdict of sniffing accidentally killed. He leaves a widow and a large family. 4. Wrenthorpe , Wakefield was first opened in 1838 and free, was closed in 1900 after the death of the owner Mr. W.T. Marriot of is packet sniffing Sandal Grange, Wakefield. Before then and as late as 1885, the Essay, colliery was in the ownership of D. Micklethwaite and Company. In 1896 the manager was Mr. T.W. Embleton and the under-manager was Mr.

W. Wood. There were 103 underground workers and 35 surface workers. In 1905, the colliery was bought by the Low Laithes Colliery Co. Ltd, who were operating their pit at Gawthorpe. It was re-opened in 1907, and was used as part of the principal Low Laithes colliery with the same manager, but Mr. D.A. West was the under-manager at Wrenthorpe. In 1908, there were 80 underground workers and 31 surface workers, suggesting a slight decline from ten years previously.

Wrenthorpe colliery had a branch line to the nearby main Leeds-London railway to sniffing illegal transport coal to distribution centres and larger customers. Wrenthorpe colliery closed in 1927 at the same time as New Low Laithes Colliery as a result of the strike. Above: Wrenthorpe Colliery complete with an why is Upholsters Shop. The date of the photograph is not known but this section of the colliery opened in 1857. As an example of the prevailing conditions, there was a report in the ' Ossett Observer ' in June 1912 of a pit deputy being killed at Wrenthorpe pit, part of the Low Laithes Colliery: William Henry Hayes (56), colliery deputy of Dewsbury Road, Ossett met his death as a result of an is packet sniffing illegal accident in the Wrenthorpe part of Low Laithes colliery. Analysis Essay? The deceased was well-known in both Earlsheaton and Chickenley Heath, in illegal, which places he had lived for a good many years.

Ezra Ramsden, of 11 East Parade, Eastborough, Dewsbury, coal miner, said that the accident happened on Friday at 12.30 p.m. In a few more minutes he would have finished the job of filling up a gob. There had been a fall of roof three or four days before in the Silkstone seam, and deceased, who was assisting to remove the dirt, was working about half a yard from the service shoes, witness. Suddenly, a stone fell down on the deceased, who was sitting on his right foot and is packet sniffing illegal, leg and was in the act of using his shovel. The end of the stone struck him on the head, and The Knowledge Essay, knocked him against a prop which was behind him. He was still upright when witness pulled him out. The stone was not on him.

He said Pull me out Ezra and he (witness) said Tha is sniffing illegal out. There was no bleeding, but deceased appeared helpless. He asked him (witness) to lean him against a prop, but he said he was not easy after after that had been done, so he was laid on service pakistan, his back. Deceased asked witness to take him to the gate, but witness told him that he could not do that by himself. He would not let witness go for is packet, help for The French, some time, and he could not call for help because there was no one near to hear. Eventually witness got the help of several men, and together they got him out of the pit on a stretcher. He was quite helpless all the time. The stone that fell would be about three feet six inches long, twenty inches broad, and would not fill a tub. One end hardly fell fourteen inches, because it reared. Is Packet Sniffing Illegal? The roof was a yard high. Tamar Hayes, of why is imagery important Pickersgill Street, Dewsbury Road, Ossett, widow of the deceased said that her husband was an old servant of the is packet illegal, company and had worked at Wrenthorpe for about five years.

He left home at about 4.15 a.m. on about The French Prodigy, Friday morning and she heard that he had been hurt at about three in the afternoon. She was able to see him at Clayton Hospital, Wakefield and although conscious, he could not talk much. She was there when he died on Saturday afternoon. Dr. Hugh Walker Moir, assistant house surgeon at the Clayton Hospital, said that deceased was admitted on the 21st June, and was suffering from paralysis of the legs, arms and body, and from shock. He was quite conscious and quite helpless. The case was hopeless from the commencement.

He rallied from the shock, but gradually sank and is packet sniffing, died at 12.15 on the following day. The cause of Essay death was fracture of the is packet illegal, fourth vertebra of the turnitin free, spine. Mr. Is Packet? D.A. West, the manager of Wrenthorpe colliery, said that the deceased had been at Wrenthorpe for three years and had worked for the company for forty-five years. He had never worked anywhere else. The Coroner remarked that the deceased was a thoroughly experienced man and not a man likely to work in Case examples, a reckless way.

The evidence pointed to it having been a pure accident, and he suggested a verdict to the effect That deceased was killed by having his spine accidentally fractured by a fall of stone whilst at work. The jury agreed. The 1893 Ossett Coal Strike 6. In 1893, the price that mine owners could get for their coal dropped significantly. Since 1887, coal miners' wages had increased by 40% above the sniffing illegal, standard rate and now, because profits were being affected, the Coal-owners' Federation called for a reduction in wages from August 1893. The mine owners wanted to pay only 15% above the standard rate, i.e. an Issue Essay effective reduction in is packet sniffing, wages of 25%. The Knowledge Issue Essay? When the Coal-owners' Federation presented their revised pay offer to the Miners' Federation of Great Britain, not surprisingly, the proposal was turned down flat and is packet illegal, the Miners' Federation then asked its members to withdraw their labour from the end of July 1893. All of the turnitin free trail, English Coalfields were affected, with the exception of Durham and Northumberland, where wages had already been reduced under sliding scale agreements. In 1893, there were four working collieries inside the town boundaries: Low Laithes (Gawthorpe), Pildacre, Westfield and Healey Lane. Just outside the Ossett boundary, but always regarded as an Ossett coal mine, was Roundwood Colliery, which was easily the biggest of the is packet sniffing, local pits, and on turnitin, record as employing 619 underground workers, with another 129 surface workers (1896 figures).

The next two largest local collieries were Pildacre with a workforce of is packet 232 underground and 25 surface workers (1896 figures), then Low Laithes, which had about 120 miners in 1893. Why Is Imagery Important? Westfield and Healey Lane Collieries were relatively small by comparison with Westfield having thirty underground workers and Healey Lane only about twelve. Also, many Ossett and Gawthorpe men worked at Shaw Cross colliery, on Owl Lane, just over the town boundary in sniffing, Dewsbury and employing about turnitin trail 232 underground workers and 45 surface workers (1896 figures.) Nearby Chickenley Heath and Chidswell collieries employed about another 350 local men, some of whom must have lived in Ossett. Those miners that were union members were organised by the Yorkshire Miners Association, based in Barnsley. Within the Ossett collieries, Union membership was strongest in is packet sniffing illegal, the larger collieries, Roundwood, Pildacre and imagery, Low Laithes. Is Packet? Work had ceased at Low Laithes and Roundwood by the end of July in line with the recommendation made by the Miners Federation, and at Pildacre soon afterwards. At the two smaller Ossett pits, Westfield and Healey Lane, the miners worked on and this was to cause trouble in the following weeks. The strike had a serious effect on the local economy, which was based on the use of service coal as a fuel for industry and transport. On Saturday, 12th August, the sniffing illegal, Great Northern Railway cancelled the majority of Prodigy its passenger trains, from the following Monday, which ran between Ossett, Leeds, Wakefield and Bradford. The Ossett Observer noted that the short notice that was given had caused the maximum inconvenience to travellers. Worse was to come, and further cancellations followed in September.

Before the end of August, the lack of coal had forced some of Ossett's textile mills to introduce part-time working. In September, the mills of J T Brook at Town End and Flushdyke; Swallow's Mill on Dewsbury Road, and Giggal Clay's Mill at Healey all had to is packet sniffing close. The Ossett Gas Company was also affected by the lack of coal and in November, it increased the price of gas from 2s 9d to 3s 0d per 1,000 cubic feet because of the rise in important, coal prices. Local mill owners tried to keep their businesses going by buying coal from the Durham coalfield and sniffing, some paid up to triple the normal price. Unfortunately, the coal deliveries were delayed because the North-Eastern Railway was unable to cope with the increase in demand for coal from the still operational Durham and free, Northumberland coalfields. A by-product of making gas from coal is coke and a few enterprising Ossett mill owners used coke purchased from the Ossett Gas Company instead of coal. Unfortunately, by the end of sniffing August all the coke stocks had been used up. Pildacre Colliery was a wet pit and needed constant pumping to prevent the underground workings from The Knowledge Issue Essay, flooding. Pildacre's manager, Mr.

S. Broadbent applied to the Yorkshire Miners Association for permission for his men to get coal from the pit to keep the pump engines running. Sniffing? The owners of Pildacre Colliery were not among those trying to impose a wage reduction on their workers, but nevertheless, showing a certain amount of insensitivity, the Essay about The French Prodigy, Miners Association refused the request and Broadbent had to purchase 100 tons of coal from the Durham mines. Pildacre was potentially the worst affected of all the Ossett mines because of the sniffing, flooding, but conditions deteriorated in all the other local collieries during the strike. Ossett's two small collieries, Healey Lane and Westfield tried to work on through the turnitin, dispute. This caused a certain amount of anger among the striking miners and there were several attempts to intimidate the men working at these mines, who in any case, were not members of the mineworker's union.

At Healey Lane, the police were called on Saturday the 12th and Monday the 14th August in order to prevent a likely breach of the peace by a group of pickets. This intimidation had some effect, since on the Monday, only part of the workforce turned up for work. Is Packet Sniffing? When the men came out of the pit, the had to be escorted home by the police amid hooting and cries of free trail 'Baa' and other unfriendly demonstrations by is packet, a crowd of men and women . As a result, the men did not return to work on the Tuesday. On Saturday, 2nd September, some of the miners at Healey Road had returned to work, but were once again the subject of a rather hostile demonstration by Analysis Essay examples, a crowd of pickets. On Monday 4th September, a group of forty or fifty miners from sniffing, outside the town gathered at Westfield Colliery, Ossett owned by Henry Westwood and where only a few miners were at work. Two or three of the pickets went to see Henry Westwood to ask him to close the pit. Westwood was not imposing any wage reduction on his men and in fact, he was opposed to the wage reduction proposals. Westwood refused to close the pit on the grounds that depriving Ossett's textile mills of coal would not help the miners, but would inflict hardship on the textile workers, who were unconnected with the strike and would be put out of work. This did not meet the approval of the pickets and one of them suggested that they should fetch the blacklegs out of the pit and throw the corves down the shaft.

Sensibly, this proposal was not carried out, but when Westwood's men came up from the shaft and were leaving the Analysis Essay examples, pit-yard to go home, some of the pickets started shouting 'Baa' and is packet, one of the ringleaders grabbed a pit deputy and hustled him. Any further disturbance was prevented by the timely appearance of service shoes two policemen. On Thursday 7th September 1893 at the height of the coal miners strike, it was reported in the Ossett Observer that a serious encounter took place at Chidswell on is packet, the Ossett boundary a mob of between 2 and 3,000 men was marching in the direction of Ossett. Case? About forty-five police charged the mob, and dispersed it using truncheons. There was a good deal of stone-throwing, and some of the rioters were armed with formidable bludgeons, but they did not make very much of a stand against the police staves ( it was noted that some of the crowd were rather severely punished by the officers' truncheons.) The constables were also armed with cutlasses, but did not resort to the use of them. Westfield Colliery in Ossett was the true objective of the is packet sniffing, Chidswell rioters, but Henry Westwood, the owner of Westfield Colliery had learned of the planned attack earlier in the day and had withdrawn his men from the pit. Only two men were arrested at Chidswell; one was a miner and the other a cloth fuller. They were both sentenced to one-month's imprisonment by the West Riding Court in Dewsbury. Unfortunately, for the local police, the disturbances coincided with the St. Case? Leger races at Doncaster, which annually took some 200 men away from their usual duties in is packet sniffing, the West Riding. When Ossett came under threat, there was only one policeman in the town.

Following the disturbances, Ossett's police force was strengthened by the addition of a sergeant and three constables, to the usual force of six officers. Turnitin Free Trail? All of the police were armed with cutlasses and officers were stationed at the town's collieries. At the beginning of the week of disturbances, there was the first of three mass meetings by the town's miners. All three were organised by the local branches of the is packet sniffing illegal, Yorkshire Miners Association. Imagery Important? The first two meetings were held at the football field near Ossett railway station, and the final meeting took place in the Temperance Hall in Illingworth Street. Illegal? At the Essay about The French Prodigy, first meeting, which was held on the evening of is packet Monday 4th September, a resolution expressing continued support for the strike was passed by the 800 to 1,000 men present. Although one of the speakers, Mr G.R. Simpson, a check-weighman at Roundwood Colliery condemned the rowdyism that had recently taken place at Westfield Colliery and The Knowledge Essay, said that some of the unionists were very sorry that there had been an is packet element in Ossett that day which was no credit to the working class . Another of the speakers, the service shoes, Reverend B. Is Packet Sniffing? Haddon, a Primitive Methodist minister, hailing from Durham was more forthright. Analysis Essay Examples? In his opinion this was not a strike but a lock-out and that a terrible day of retribution would come for men who out of the blood of the working class were selfishly amassing huge fortunes . The miners next meeting took place on the morning of Thursday 14th September. A large number walked to the meeting behind a brass band and the banner of the Chickenley Heath branch of the Yorkshire Miners Association.

At the meeting, which was attended by 2,000 people, a resolution to resist the wage reduction was unanimously passed. The final meeting was held on Wednesday 18th October and illegal, the principal speaker, the President of the Yorkshire Miners Association, Edward Cowey (1839-1903), received an enthusiastic reception from the audience. The Ossett Observer noted Cowey's effectiveness as an turnitin free trail orator a big man, with a deep voice, and a North-country accent, Mr. Cowey has a rugged eloquence of his own, which evidently exercises a powerful effect on its hearers - exhibiting as it does, deep earnestness and an absence of is packet sniffing affectation. By the time that Cowey visited Ossett, some of the miners' families were suffering hardship. When the dispute began, the clothes, Yorkshire Miners Association was able to pay 9 shillings a week to is packet sniffing each man. The funds were distributed in the local public houses and one collier wrote to the Ossett Observer protesting about receiving his pay in a public house and Case Analysis Essay, suggested instead that a schoolroom in the Temperance Hall would be more suitable. In the third week of September 1893, the Association's fund ran out.

The last strike pay, amounting to 7 shillings a week for each man, was issued on Thursday 21st and Friday 22nd September. The non-union miners who were forced out of work by the strike received no strike pay at sniffing all. For example, of the modern gothic clothes, 30 'coal getters' at Westfield Colliery, five were non-unionists. Is Packet Sniffing Illegal? In Ossett, the modern gothic, local leaders of the Yorkshire Miners' Association began organising relief for non-unionists in September. Is Packet? A Relief Committee, headed by Thomas Webster of Roundwood Colliery was set up and collections taken. In the week ending Saturday 9th September, almost £20 worth of 'necessaries' were distributed to non-unionists. A number of modern clothes individuals also tried to help the sniffing, families of miners who were suffering from hardship. Essay About Prodigy? Among them was the Mayor, Councillor Francis Lumb Fothergill, who visited over is packet illegal 200 such families and also Alderman Wilson. Some help came also from the Ossett Industrial Co-operative Society, which received £10 from the Co-operative Wholesale Society and distributed it in the form of groceries. Why Is Imagery Important? The congregation at is packet illegal the Primitive Methodist Chapel in Analysis examples, Dewsbury Road raised £5 9s 8d in a collection, while the parishioners in North Ossett raised enough funds to provide thirty boys with breakfast at Gawthorpe Church School.

A meeting for those groups interested in helping provide relief for the miners was called in the Temperance Hall on Wednesday 11th October 1893 and this resulted in is packet, the formation of a Relief Sub-Committee of the Essay, Borough Council and the opening of illegal a subscription list. The Sub-Committee consisted of eight men representing between them the Borough Council, the town's Anglicans, the town's non-Conformists and The Knowledge, the miners. Illegal? By Saturday, 14th October, the Sub-Committee had raised £48 1s 6d. The largest donation of £10 came from the gothic clothes, Leeds Mercury Fund, whist Westwood and Company were among four donors of £5 each. The Sub-Committee distributed some 180 relief tickets weekly until Friday 3rd November, when the funds ran out. During the same period, the Sub-Committee also provided two teas for 600 children in the town's schoolrooms, whilst two Leeds gentlemen provided tea for is packet, 200 children.

A dance and then a concert, both held in the Temperance Hall provided the Sub-Committee with fresh funds and there was a further distribution of relief in the weeks ending Saturday 18th November and Essay Prodigy, Saturday 25th November. Is Packet Sniffing? Two more free teas for 600 children were provided and trail, Walter Scott, a butcher in Station Road provided tea for 200 children. By the 25th November, the strike had finally come to an end. It lasted so long because neither side was willing to compromise. The Coal-owners Federation insisted on a wage reduction whilst the sniffing illegal, Miners' Federation was firm that no reduction of wages was acceptable. A ballot, held by the Yorkshire Miners' Association in why is, early September, indicated that most of its members supported the sniffing, strike. A wage reduction, arbitration and a return to work on the old rate of wages were all rejected by large majorities. However, in why is, Ossett, the feeling was rather different and the Ossett Observer noted that the overwhelming majority of miners in the town wanted to return to work at is packet sniffing illegal the old rate of wages. The attitude of the Yorkshire miners changed as their strike fund ran out later in the month. In a second ballot later in September, they accepted a recommendation from the leaders of the The French, Yorkshire Miners' Association to return to work at those collieries where the old rate of pay was offered. Is Packet Illegal? The Miners' Federation endorsed a return to work on these terms, but also imposed a levy of one shilling a day on returning miners in order to support those still in dispute.

Most of the free, Yorkshire miners found that their employers were still insisting on a wage reduction and so only a minority returned to is packet work. In Ossett, Healey Lane and Pildacre Collieries were working double shifts at the beginning of October, while Low Laithes and why is imagery important, Roundwood remained closed. At Low Laithes, the management offered a 15% reduction in wages rather than the 25% reduction of the 40% advanced since 1887, but this was unacceptable to the men's representatives. In mid-November, a rumour that Low Laithes was to be re-opened was quickly denied by the manager. The dispute was finally brought to sniffing illegal an end by the Prime Minister, William Ewart Gladstone, who appointed the Foreign Secretary, Lord Rosebery as a mediator between the The Knowledge, two sides. On the 17th November 1893, a joint conference was held at the Foreign Office, under the presidency of Lord Rosebery between representatives of the Federated Coal-owners and the Miners' Federation. A settlement was arrived at on basis of the old rate of wages being paid until at least the 1st February 1894, with a Conciliation Board to follow in at least one year. In Ossett, the miners at Low Laithes and Roundwood returned to work the following week.

With the end of the strike, the town's mills were able to is packet illegal return to full production and cancelled rail services were gradually restored. Unfortunately, the Ossett Observer did not comment on how long it took the miners' families to recover from the financial strain of the dispute. Bradford Observer, Monday, 7th September 1874. Bradford Observer, Tuesday, 15th September 1874. Bradford Observer, Friday, 25th September 1874. Bradford Observer, Tuesday October 13th 1874. Leeds Mercury , Saturday January 17th 1863. 1893 Ossett Coal Strike - adapted from an Essay examples essay by David Scriven. Relative value of UK pound in RPI terms, taken from the web site: http://www.measuringworth.com/calculators/ppoweruk/ York Herald , Monday, January 11th 1875. Leeds Mercury , Thursday, September 25th 1890.

Leeds Mercury , Saturday, July 19th 1862. Leeds Mercury , Saturday, September 8th 1877. Leeds Mercury , Thursday, 29th March 1888. Leeds Mercury , Tuesday, 22nd December 1857. Lancaster Gazette , Saturday, 26th December 1857.

My maternal grandfather, Joseph John Smith worked nearly all his life as a coal hewer in the Yorkshire pits. He was born in Beaufort, Ebbw Vale in 1897, but moved to illegal Yorkshire in Case Analysis Essay, the 1920s to work at Sharlston Colliery. Here, Joe Smith met and married local Horbury girl, Frances Margrave and then lost her to is packet sniffing cancer in 1936. For a while, in Essay, the 1960s, he came to live with his only daughter, Margaret Wilson and family in Kingsway, Ossett. I wish I had talked with him more about his life, but it didn't seem important at is packet sniffing the time. My grandfather was a great talker, but he never talked about his experiences in the Welsh and Yorkshire coal mines, where he had worked from the examples, age of 14. His back and upper arms were mottled with bluish-grey tattoo-like markings, which were the scars from cuts and abrasions sustained working bareback, hewing coal in the narrow seams under Wakefield. The bloody, exposed tissue had then filled with black dust, just like ink from a tattooist's needle, leaving him with a permanent reminder of the decades of underground toil. Illegal? His lungs were shot from modern, years of inhaling the coal dust, muck and bad air down the mines. I can hear his hacking, wheezing cough now.

Joe died aged 68 from diseases and complications brought on sniffing, by his years of working in that subterranean hell-hole. Miner's Death 1869 - Inquest at the Little Bull, Ossett Common. Mr Taylor, honor and county coroner held an Issue Essay inquest at the Little Bull Inn, Ossett Common over the body of a coal miner, Joseph Crabtree, aged 30. His widow stated that he had his back hurt about two years ago and was laid up for a week. On Friday 27th August 1869 he had left home at 5 o'clock in the morning to go to is packet sniffing illegal his work at Messrs. Terry, Greaves and Co., Roundwood Colliery, Soon after 1pm the same day, he was brought home with his left leg broken. Mr. Kemp from Wakefield attended him and Mr. Lawson Tait also acted to Essay set his leg. Deceased began to complain of pain in his left side a day or two afterwards, but he seemed to mend until last Thursday when the pain in his side commenced again.

He died on is packet sniffing, Wednesday morning about Essay The French Prodigy half past two. Mr. Lawson Tait, Wakefield surgeon said that he visited the sniffing illegal, deceased about a fortnight ago and modern clothes, found that he had fractured his left leg and sniffing, thigh. The leg was in position and modern gothic clothes, appeared to be going on is packet illegal, well. On Thursday witness made a post mortem examination of the body and found the fractures in process of a cure and in a very satisfactory state. The organs were in a normal condition, except the right side of the heart, which was very much distended with dark, fluid blood. The pulmonary artery was entirely stopped with a hard clot of blood. The clot would cause death by suffocation.

It had no direct communication with his injury. It must have been in existence for several days or possibly weeks. Weakness from injury or illness would be likely to cause disease. Jacob Page of Alverthorpe, coal miner, a fellow worker of the imagery important, deceased's said that about 11 o'clock in the morning of the 27th August, the deceased's hurrier fetched him and sniffing, he went to his bank, He found the deceased sitting about two feet from the face with about 3 or 4 hundredweight of coal and rock on his left leg and helped free the deceased by moving the coal. A row of props were set to within four feet of the face. The Knowledge Issue Essay? The seam of coal is the Haigh Moor, which is about a yard thick, but in three seams. The deceased told him that he had got the two lower seams and tried to get down the illegal, top seam and failed, and he had therefore determined to let it stop up until he had got ready for another fall. Verdict: Died from a clot of blood, accelerated by the accidental fracture of the left leg. From the ' Ossett Observer' 18th September 1869. Fatal Accident to a Hurrier at Roundwood Colliery - 1877. On Tuesday the 2nd inst., a Horbury lad named Wilson Baines was at his work as a hurrier at the Roundwood Colliery, when a mass of stone from the pit roof fell on him inflicting various injuries to his head.

The poor boy was taken home unconscious, in which state he remained till half-past one on Sunday afternoon, when he died. The Knowledge Issue Essay? Last Tuesday morning, an inquest was held at the King's Arms, the house of Mr. S. Hall, before Mr. T. Taylor and a respectable jury of whom Mr. Thomas Mitchell was foreman. The following evidence was adduced:- Charles White, joiner of Northgate said the deceased was his step son and was 15 years old on Friday. He was a hurrier and the son of the late Mr.

T. Is Packet Sniffing Illegal? Baines, rag dealer. He went out to his work at a quarter after five o'clock, a week since that morning. He had worked in a pit going on for four years. He was brought back soon after twelve o'clock, unable to speak, and remained unconscious till he died on The Knowledge Issue Essay, Sunday afternoon. He received frequent attention, both from sniffing illegal, Messrs. Kemp and modern gothic, Son, surgeons of Wakefield and from Mr. B. Sniffing Illegal? Kemp from Horbury. William Peace, hurrier of Flushdyke, Ossett said he was working at Messrs. Terry, Greaves Co.'s Roundwood Colliery, and knew Wilson Baines who hurried on the same road with him.

On Tuesday morning deceased was standing in the middle of the The Knowledge Essay, horse road, which is illegal about 5ft 6 in high, when a piece of the free trail, roof came in suddenly. Only one piece came out; it was a lump of blue bind and seemed to catch the deceased on the head, knocking him down. Is Packet Sniffing? He raised an alarm, and his father came to the spot. Joseph Peace, coal miner, of Flushdyke, said he was getting coal from the face of a bank, when he heard something fall and gothic clothes, his lad scream out O father, do come, and away he ran and found the deceased on the floor bleeding, with knees drawn up and insensible. He was in a new road which he (witness) helped to drive. He had always considered the road good; his own boys passed up and down the way 70 or 80 times a day, and he had to go that way himself. If he had not, he should not have used the sniffing illegal, road himself or have allowed his boys.

Where the accident occurred, the road was about The Knowledge Essay 8 or 9ft wide. Deceased was bleeding about the head. The piece of stone which came down would weigh about 5 or 6 stones, and it knocked a prop down in falling. Witness went up to is packet illegal the pit bank immediately to send for a doctor, and the deceased was taken to his home. A verdict of accidental death was returned.

From the ' Ossett Observer ' October 13th 1877. Sep 18th 1880: A Chidswell collier with the nickname “Wild Jack” had made a bet that he would “worry a live hedgehog with his teeth, his hands being tied behind him” , also that he would go through other similar performances, in a field behind the Royal Oak, Owl Lane. Imagery? On Saturday afternoon a crowd of about 200 had gathered, including a number from Batley and other places. A man was also in attendance with a bag containing the hedgehog. The police had heard of the affair however, and at 5:00pm a sergeant and is packet sniffing illegal, two plain clothed constables arrived and were greeted with hooting. No attempt was made to proceed with the exhibition, but it was rumoured that the The Knowledge Issue, encounter between the man and is packet sniffing, the hedgehog came off the same evening at a place called “Dog Loitch”. Above: Percy Christian Greaves (1868-1957) long time principal of imagery Roundwood Colliery, Ossett. Greaves took control of the colliery in 1885 at the tender age of 17 years when his father, John Oldroyd Greaves (1824-1916) suffered a heart attack.

Percy Greaves was destined for a place at Cambridge University, but his father's ill health forced him to sniffing illegal take over the family business. By 1892, he had qualified with a first-class colliery manager's certificate and important, he went on to become one of the most eminent mining engineers in the UK. He was respected and very well-liked by the men at Roundwood where there were no strikes (excluding National Strikes) during his ownership. Greaves always strove to provide the most up-to-date methods for safety and efficiency for illegal, his men. It was noted in his obituary (The Times of October 25th 1957) that few days passed when he was not seen at the pit-head or down the important, shaft of one of his collieries. Percy Greaves lived with his wife and family of four children at Woolgreaves, near Wakefield; a large eleven bedroomed house built in the 1830s and set in 30 acres of grounds. Miners summoned for leaving work - 1888. At the is packet illegal, West Riding Court, Dewsbury, George Cawthorne, Richard Foy and John Richardson were summoned for unlawfully absenting themselves from their employment at Pildacre Colliery, Ossett early in July 1888. Foy did not appear. Mr. T.L.

Chadwick appearing for Messrs. Prodigy? John Naylor and is packet sniffing illegal, Co. Ltd., the colliery proprietors stated that the defendants on entering their employment signed the service shoes, usual printed form of is packet sniffing contract to give or take 14 days notice on leaving. Gothic? On the dates named, however, they had abstained themselves and were written to by Mr. William Noble, the is packet sniffing illegal, colliery manager, but appeared to have obtained work elsewhere. Compensation was claimed from each, being 2 shillings per day, a proportion of the pakistan, standing expenses of the illegal, colliery during their absence.

Foy was asked to pay £2, Richardson £1 14s and Cawthorne £1 12s. Service Pakistan? Richardson was allowed two weeks to pay and sniffing, the others two months. From the ' Ossett Observer' 12th August 1880. Aug 16th 1890: A day hole is to be opened from the trail, Runtlings Lane colliery of Messrs Westwood Co. to Healey. It will be fitted with an engine plane, so that coal can be sent out that way for is packet, the mills at modern gothic clothes Healey, instead of being drawn up that shaft.

The object is to save the expense of carting coal down into the valley. During the coal strike in Ossett in 1893, the textile mills in the town were starved of coal and many had to is packet sniffing illegal close. Turnitin Trail? Temperance Mill in Church Street, Ossett was owned by is packet illegal, Francis Lumb Fothergill and he came up with a novel approach to keep his mill open. Modern Gothic Clothes? By running the mill boilers on is packet sniffing, dried sewage sludge, he was able to keep Temperance Mill operating. By the middle of September 1893, Fothergill had used 150 tons of why is important sewage sludge and several other mills in the town followed his example. The sludge was available free-of-charge from the borough sewage works and the only illegal cost was transporting it, which must have been an Case unpleasant job. Another approach was to burn rag dust saturated with old engine oil and sniffing illegal, John William Smith, the owner of Issue Essay Healey Old Mill, Ossett managed to keep his mill operating through the strike using this method.

Fire at Roundwood Pit - 1893. The 'Ossett Observer ' noted in March 1893 that a fire had occurred earlier in the year in the Silkstone pit at is packet illegal Roundwood colliery. The owners of the colliery, Terry, Greaves and modern, Co. had not seen fit to contribute the one guinea a year for is packet illegal, the services of the Wakefield Fire Brigade, which would have attended the Essay, fire earlier so that the is packet sniffing, disaster would not have been so great. Also on the 7th September 1893, on shoes, the same day as as the riot at Chidswell, at nearby Ackton Hall colliery in Featherstone, two men lost their lives, after soldiers opened fire on a large crowd of people. Is Packet? There had been some destruction of turnitin trail property at the colliery by a group of rioters and sniffing illegal, flying pickets intent on causing trouble. By the service, late afternoon 3 officers and 26 men from the 1st Battalion of the South Staffordshire Regiment had been called in, and the local magistrate read the Riot Act. Because the crowd didn't disperse quickly enough, the is packet, soldiers were ordered to open fire. Tragically, by then, the crowd had been swollen with many innocent local bystanders. Essay Prodigy? James Gibbs (22) and James Arthur Duggan (25) were to die of gunshot wounds and six other people were injured.

Neither Gibbs or Duggan had been involved in the rioting and the unfortunate sequence of events came to be known as the Featherstone Massacre. Alarming Explosion at Ossett Colliery - 1895. A serious accident occurred in one of the coal seams worked by the Low Laithes Colliery Company Limited, at Gawthorpe, Ossett. The seam in question, the Cannel is regarded as sufficiently safe to be worked with naked lights at neighbouring collieries, but safety lamps are used in it at Low Laithes. There were considerably fewer persons employed there on Saturday than on other days of the week. Is Packet? Operations proceeded in the usual fashion until about eleven o'clock, when an explosion occurred. It appears that ripping was done in the main road, to make the latter high enough for the passage of Essay Prodigy corves to the coal face.

A shot had been fired to blow down a portion of the roof, and this left a cavity, in which it is supposed some gas may have collected. At all events, when the Deputy in charge Asa Dransfield, of Gawthorpe, fired another shot, gas exploded. Dransfield and five other miners who were working in that part of the mine were unfortunately burnt. As soon as possible they were drawn to the surface. Dr. Mill (Messrs. Wiseman and sniffing illegal, Mill) happened to be in the locality, and was quickly summoned. The colliery surgeon, Mr. Oates, of Dewsbury arrived later.

Oil and limewater were applied to the burns of the injured men, which were also bandaged with cotton wool. Assistance in this was rendered by modern clothes, Police-sergeant Wilcock and Police-constable Groves, who are members of the St. John Ambulance Association. Under the direction of Dr. Mill, five men were removed in cabs to the Dewsbury and District Infirmary, their names being: Joseph Peaker (39), married, no children, of Bennett's Buildings, Gawthorpe, Ossett; burnt on right side, back, and arms. John Robinson (33), married, two children, of Commercial Street, Earlsheaton.; burnt on back, shoulder, face, and arms. Fred Squires (27), single, living with his parents at Chickenley Heath, Soothill; burnt on the neck face, and is packet, head. Thomas Coulter (20), single, lodging at Sunderland's Buildings, Soothill Lane; burnt on arms, back, and face. Peter Kenney (about 45 or 50), single, of gothic clothes Cobden Street, Batley; burnt on back, arms, and face.

Asa Dransfield, the deputy, who was badly burnt on his arms, etc. did not go to the Infirmary, but was able to go down the pit upon sniffing, the arrival of the modern gothic clothes, managing director, Mr. A.B. Sniffing? Blakeley of Dewsbury, and explain how the accident had occurred. It is why is imagery understood that the explosion was not of sufficient violence to do any material damage to is packet illegal the pit workings. Robinson was able to leave the infirmary on Wednesday, and service, Peaker yesterday. The other three men are still lying in the Andrew Pickard ward of the institution, but it is thought that Kenny will be ready to go out next Tuesday or Wednesday.

Squires and Coulter, who were both terribly scorched are not yet out of danger. Is Packet Sniffing? Squires has his face and head entirely enveloped in bandages, with the service pakistan, exception of is packet small orifices for his eyes, nose and modern clothes, mouth. From the ' Ossett Observer ' July 13th 1895. Above: The engine in the Power House at Low Laithes Colliery, Gawthorpe which was used to generate electricity. Fatal Accident at Shaw Cross Colliery - 1897. A lad named Joseph Jennings, 14 years of age, son of Allen Jennings, coal miner, Chidswell was fatally injured at Shaw Cross Colliery belonging to Messrs.

Crawshaw and Warburton. The deceased's mother, Mrs. Sniffing Illegal? Emma Jennings, said he was a strong active lad and employed as a pony driver. He left home at 5.30 on Wednesday morning to go to the pit, along with his brother Israel, a hurrier at the same pit. He was brought home at about quarter to free eight the same morning in an injured condition, but he died at 10.30 that night. Sniffing Illegal? When the imagery important, body was laid out, the left side had the is packet illegal, skin grazed and one of his hands was crushed. Stuart Hartley of Hanging Heaton said he was employed along with the deceased as a pony driver at Shaw Cross Colliery. He saw the deceased at the pit bottom at about half past six on Wednesday morning. They both travelled on the main horse road to the junction, the road being 6 feet high and examples, 12 feet wide. About seven o'clock, he was coming from the sniffing illegal, coal face when he saw deceased's pony standing still in the road, attached to ten loaded corves, the modern gothic clothes, first being overturned, with the deceased lying under it.

Five of the corves were off the rails, and five on, but they were all coupled. The road appeared all right, and he could not tell how the accident had happened unless some coal had fallen into the points and prevented them from working properly. He and another driver named Joseph Henry Wade liberated the deceased, who only said Take me home. Witness had worked on the same road and had found nothing out of order. They found the deceased about is packet sniffing five yards from the Essay, points. The jury returned a verdict that the deceased was accidentally injured by is packet illegal, the corves. From the ' Ossett Observer ' September 4th 1897. After the coal strike in 1893, Ossett artist Mark Senior received a commission from a group of local mill owners to paint a portrait of Henry Westwood, the owner of Westfield Colliery in Ossett.

Above: 1893 portrait of Ossett mine owner Henry Westwood, J.P. painted by Mark Senior. Westwood had tried hard to keep his pit open to supply coal to power the Essay, local textile mills in Ossett. Is Packet Sniffing? During the dispute, not only had Westwood not tried to impose the 25% pay cut on his workers that the Coal-owners' Federation was calling for shoes, in response to lower coal prices, but also he had not drastically increased his coal prices to take advantage of the coal famine. In recognition of his services, local mill owners subscribed for his portrait to be painted and it was presented to him in January 1894. The painting was described in the Ossett Observer as an admirable likeness and was inscribed Presented to Mr. Henry Westwood J.P. by a few friends, as a mark of is packet sniffing illegal respect and in grateful recognition of the generous assistance rendered by his firm to the trade of Ossett during the memorable coal strike of trail 1893.

Westwood's business partner, in Westwood and Co. at Westfield Colliery, William Wray, was presented with an is packet sniffing illegal inscribed gold watch. Oct 2nd 1909: An interesting discovery was made in the Low Laithes pit at Gawthorpe on Sunday when a bye-worker named Joe Edwards discovered a bottle, containing tea, in a worked-out part of the mine. Edwards, along with four other men, was making his way up No.2 rise towards the “73 gate” when they stopped for a rest in what is known as “Ned Littlewood’s Place“. Clothes? It was while resting that Joe noticed the bottle, covered with dust, lying on one side of the road. He picked it up and is packet illegal, it immediately occurred to him that it was the Case Essay, bottle taken down by a miner named Horace Moorhouse, who had his back broken in that spot nearly two years ago. Near at hand they also found Moorehouse’s “snap“. Although it is two years ago since the accident occurred, the is packet illegal, bottle was intact. Shale had fallen from the roof around the bottle but had not touched it. The man to shoes whom it belonged, though helpless, is stated to be in excellent health and spirits, apart from his injured back.

Colliery Death at Low Laithes 1921. Alexander Isaacs (40), a colliery contractor was severely injured in an explosion following a misfired shot whilst working in the Low Laithes Colliery Co Ltd at Wrenthorpe (Wakefield). The accident happened on the 9th February 1921 and Isaacs was taken to Clayton Hospital in Wakefield where he later died from his injuries on the 21st February 1921. Redfern Kaye, the underground manager at Whitwood Colliery, near Castleford agreed to allow a group of students from Leeds University to go underground on is packet sniffing illegal, February 16th 1926. His daughters Gladys and Mary went with him. About The French Prodigy? The shaft was inspected in the afternoon and the group went down the Speedwell shaft at 6pm, Redfern Kaye leading the way and Bill Hughes at the back of the group. Mary was in front of him. Is Packet Illegal? The roof caved in and Mary was trapped under a huge timber roof support. She was killed outright. This led to a ban on women going underground at West Yorkshire collieries for many years. Aug 14th 1926: While searching for coal during the strike, workers have unearthed in fields near the The French, boundary beck, near Tufty Farm, what appears to be old coal stores.

In field after field on the bottom side it was found that underneath about a foot of soil was a layer of sniffing illegal small coal, varying in The Knowledge, depth from sniffing, one to two feet, and partitioned off every four or so by a narrow barrier of solid clay. At some time or other beyond the memory of the oldest inhabitant, the turf and subsoil have been removed, clay walls constructed at intervals of four feet, the intervening space filled with coal, and the soil turf then restored. The theory put forward is that long ago well over 100 years ago, it is thought coal was worked extensively in this locality, and modern clothes, as it was used mostly for domestic purposes, the small coal, or slack, was practically valueless, and was disposed of in this way, either to level up undulating land, or to avoid the creation of unsightly spoil heaps. This would entail much labour, but labour was cheap in those days. The clay partitions could serve to either stop the small coal being washed away, or to prevent the spread of fire in illegal, the case of spontaneous combustion. In some places intersecting clay barriers are found, giving the appearance of a huge honeycomb. Similar operations are being carried out at Low Park Farm, where the formation of the dumps is the same.

Here the coal is being got between two and two and a half feet thick. An 18th century coin has been found here amongst the coal, and The French, may give some indication of the age of the is packet illegal, dumps. May 25 1946: Opencast coal workings between Storrs Hill and Healey, in six months, have transformed 52 acres of agricultural land into a region of quarries and huge mounds. Producing 700 tons of coal per modern clothes week, over 20,000 tons have been taken since work commenced last October. It is estimated that 400,000 tons will have been taken before work finishes, probably at is packet sniffing illegal the end of the year. The site is why is imagery important between Storrs Hill Road and Healey gasworks. Sniffing? Two coal seams, each 3 feet thick, are being worked.

They outcrop about 100 feet from each other, on Analysis Essay, the Ossett side of the LMS railway. Excavations have been made a short distance inwards, where coal is twenty to is packet thirty feet below the surface. Essay About? During the last six months the Upper Haigh seam has been almost exhausted, and Lower Haigh has been started on from the Storrs Hill end. Between thirty and sniffing, forty men are employed there by Messrs Otty Brothers of Leeds. Old underground pit workings have been exposed by the work.

A field on the Horbury side of Storrs Hill has already been worked, and is ready to be restored.

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The Fair Tax Act of 2007 Essay Sample. Americans For Fair Taxation is a private, non-profit research and advocacy group that assembled a group of illegal, American economists to work on a federal tax code that would be simpler, fairer, and Issue more progressive than before. The objective of the team was to design a new tax system that would be revenue-neutral and sniffing illegal capable of truly unleashing the potential of the economy. The new tax system was also meant to help in The Knowledge Issue the new wealth creation for every working American. The result was the H.R. Is Packet! 25: The Fair Tax Act of 2007 (Executive Summary). The Fair Tax Act of 2007 is Case Analysis examples, today a proposal with the Congress. As of the last day of the year 2008, the sniffing illegal, Act is The French, meant to repeal both income taxes as well as payroll taxes. According to the proposal, no individuals income will be taxed after the implementation of the new Act. Is Packet Sniffing Illegal! Capital gains taxes in addition to the alternative minimum tax would also be repealed.

The Act includes payroll taxes of individuals as well as employers. Medicare, federal unemployment taxes, and Social Security, would similarly be repealed when they are a part of the payroll taxes. The Fair Tax Act of 2007 further mentions corporate income taxes, gift and estate taxes, and the self-employment taxes to be repealed, thereby making it easier for Americans to enjoy their earnings and their wealth without paying the price of prosperity in taxes (The Fair Tax Act of 2007). The Fair Tax has been proposed as a replacement for the above mentioned taxes as of January 1, 2009. The new tax is actually explained as a national retail sales tax on all goods and services sold at retail. The fact that it is still a tax for the government to generate revenues through it, the new tax is meant to Essay be revenue-neutral, which suggests that the new tax would have to be set at a level that is necessary to generate government revenues the present sources of which would have to sniffing be replaced through it (The Fair Tax). The new tax would act as a 23 percent sales tax on all goods and services bought through retailers for personal consumption. Essay About The French! The exports of the United States will not be taxed on illegal the principles of the Fair Tax. Similarly, business purchases of inputs are not to be taxed with the Fair Tax. Other items exempted include used or old goods, investments, savings, plus education expenses including tuition fees (The Fair Tax). Another feature of the new tax system is that every consumer of new goods and services would be informed about the federal taxes that he or she is paying, by way of a sales receipt that would clearly state the actual amount of the Fair Tax. Furthermore, the rate of the Fair Tax would be constant, regardless of the amount spent (The Fair Tax).

Additional characteristics of the proposed Fair Tax have been described thus by the Americans For Fair Taxation: The Fair Tax provides every American family with a rebate of the sales tax on spending up to the federal poverty level (plus an extra amount to prevent any marriage penalty). The rebate is paid monthly in advance. It allows a family of four to spend $27,380 tax free each year. The rebate for a married couple with two children is $525 per month ($6,297 annually).

Therefore, no family pays federal sales tax on imagery essential goods and services and middle-class families are effectively exempted on a large part of their annual spending. Funding for Social Security and Medicare benefits remains the same. The Social Security and Medicare trust funds receive the same amount of money as they do under current law. The source of the trust fund revenue is a dedicated portion of sales tax revenue instead of payroll tax revenue. Sniffing Illegal! States can elect to pakistan collect the is packet illegal, federal sales tax on behalf of the federal government in exchange for a fee of one-quarter of one percent of gross collections. Retail businesses collecting the tax also get the same administrative fee.

Strong taxpayer rights provisions are incorporated into the Act. The burden of persuasion in disputes is on the government. Shoes! A strong, independent problem resolution office is created. Taxpayers are entitled to professional fees in disputes unless the government establishes that its position was substantially justified (The Fair Tax). The new tax system is not only meant to benefit the consumer, but also the economy as a whole.

89 percent of the employers in the United States are small business owners, five million in number. The current tax system is said to be a burden on them. Although many small businesses are exempted from the corporate income tax, small business owners are heavily burdened by sniffing illegal the individual income taxes that their business earnings are subjected to. By repealing the individual income taxes, the United States could encourage an increase in Prodigy small businesses. Sniffing Illegal! Moreover, the moneys that were originally paid the government as individual income taxes, may be used by small business owners in the creation of better products and services, provided that the Fair Tax Act of 2007 is accepted (The Impact of the Fair Tax on Small Business). By leaving more money for investment in the hands of the small business, the Fair Tax would not only The Knowledge Issue improve the revenue position of is packet illegal, business, but would also lead to long term economic benefits to follow. Dale Jorgenson, an economist from the Harvard University has stated that the Fair Tax would have an immediate and powerful impact on the level of economic activity. What is more, the GDP of the country is expected to increase by 10.5 percent during the first year of the implementation of the Fair Tax Act. Another economist from Boston University, Laurence Kotlikoff, has predicted that the implementation of the tax reforms in the name of the Fair Tax, would raise the The Knowledge, capital stock of the economy by 42 percent. The labor supply of the country is expected to increase by 4 percent, while the output of the United States is predicted to is packet sniffing increase by almost 12 percent. The real wage rate of the nation would similarly be affected.

As a matter of fact, the Fair Tax is why is, expected to increase the rate by 8 percent. Moreover, the economist from Boston University believes that the proposed tax system would lower real interest rates probably by more than one quarter (The Impact). The Fair Tax Act is definitely meant to help the economy of the United States. After all, it has been introduced as an Act to promote freedom, fairness, and economic opportunity by repealing the income tax and other taxes, abolishing the Internal Revenue Service, and enacting a national sales tax to be administered primarily by the States. Still, the Act is in its first stage of the legislative process. In this stage, the introduced bill would be sent to committees to analyze, investigate, as well as revise, before the Act is sent onward for debates.

It has been reported that most of the bills do not pass through the committees that are meant to sniffing illegal analyze, investigate and revise them for the next step in Analysis examples the legislative process (H. R. 25). Hence, the future of the Fair Tax is yet uncertain. Claire Wolfe and is packet illegal Aaron Zelman write that the future of the proposed tax system is also uncertain because the amount of The French Prodigy, sales taxes that would become payable with the is packet sniffing, tax reforms are quite unbearable even to imagine. Service Pakistan! 23 percent in sales tax is a great deal to sniffing pay. What is more, the government might never agree to this amount, seeing as this amount does not even cover the present government spending. The Joint Committee on Taxation of the gothic clothes, U.S. Illegal! Congress scored the proposed Fair Tax Act several years back when it was estimated that the The Knowledge, government would actually have to is packet illegal charge 36 percent in sales tax to The Knowledge Issue cover the federal expenses and is packet illegal also create revenues. 23 percent in why is imagery important sales tax is nearly not enough from the governments perspective. Eventually the government might even decide to put a 57 percent tax on retails using the Fair Tax system. Wolfe and is packet sniffing Zelman also point out that the effects of inflation would be horrendous if in fact the Fair Tax Act of 2007 is ultimately implemented.

The authors explain the effects of inflation with an service, example: a house that costs $260,000 will actually cost $78,000 more with a 23 percent Fair Tax. If, however, the economy experiences double digit inflation during this period, the price of the is packet illegal, house would become $312,000 with a 23 percent Fair Tax of The Knowledge, $93,600. Mortgage interest would also increase during the same period, thus exacerbating the effects of sniffing, inflation. The United States has been experiencing inflation in recent years. The worst problem facing the economy at turnitin present, however, is the is packet, increasing budget deficit. Apparently, the United States is spending more on imports than it is earning through its exports. While the Fair Tax could reduce consumer spending across the nation by Analysis increasing the prices of the goods and services sold through retailers, the threat of inflation does not disappear with the implementation of the Fair Tax Act of 2007. Rather, inflation may increase across the nation because goods and services would be sold at illegal a higher price in Case Essay any case.

The sales tax or the new Fair Tax would increase the prices of new goods and is packet sniffing illegal services throughout the country. Why Is! At the same time, Americans would not be able to resist purchasing necessary goods despite the fact that the same goods would be sold with the Fair Tax at is packet illegal a fairly higher price. Another potential negative effect of the Fair Tax is modern, that it would make it more expensive for retirees to is packet sniffing enjoy their golden years. Trail! Although Americans For Fair Taxation states that the new tax would enable retirees to sniffing keep their entire pension, it does not mention the fact that the Fair. Tax would fail to improve the living standards of the retirees (About the Essay The French Prodigy, Fair Tax). In point of fact, retirees who have planned for their retirement with nearly perfect numerical figures to take them through the remainder of life, would find that the Fair Tax is is packet, rather unfair because it increases the price of everything for them. Many of the retirees have already paid approximately ? or 1/3 of their incomes in taxes for why is important forty years or so. With the remainder that they have left, it would be quite difficult to pay the Fair Tax (Wolfe and Zelman).

Hence, the sniffing illegal, Fair Tax would certainly displease the retirees rather than helping them financially. The proponents of the Fair Tax system claim that retailers would be obliged to cut the prices of new goods and turnitin free trail services when and if the Fair Tax Act of 2007 is sniffing illegal, implemented. Unless the prices of modern, goods and services are curtailed, Americans might find it rather difficult to maintain their current standards of living with the Fair Tax making it more expensive for them to purchase new goods and services. Wolfe and Zelman also write that the implementation of the proposed tax reforms might open up an immense black market across the United States. People who are unable to afford new goods and services with the increased sales tax, would most likely turn to sniffing illegal black markets to enjoy their previous standard of living. Indeed, this is another possible negative effect of the Fair Tax that the government would have to discuss before the Fair Tax Act of Analysis Essay examples, 2007 could get beyond the committees that are responsible for at least analyzing the proposed tax reforms. The Fair Tax is said to be fair only as far as it is is packet, a tax with a rate that is uniform for every U.S. consumer, rich or poor. While the rich would have to pay increased taxes only when they increase their purchases of new goods and services, the poor would only be required to pay an increased amount of money for the new goods and services they already purchase. Opponents of the Fair Tax argue that the poor are likely to get even poorer under the new tax code. Other economists have further mentioned that the shoes pakistan, effect of the Fair Tax system would be negative on the economy as a whole (Wolfe and Zelman). Nevertheless, it is possible that the Fair Tax code would be able to rescue the economy of the United States from its ever problematic budget deficit.

Even if the new tax system has a negative effect on the general living standards across the country, it is very likely to reduce consumer spending, which in turn would help to balance the current account of the United States. Is Packet Illegal! As a matter of fact, it is necessary for modern clothes the U.S. to deal with its budget deficit problem before it becomes bigger than before. The Fair Tax Act of 2007 may serve as a blessing for that reason. After checking the increase in the budget deficit, the new tax system may be expected to return the U.S. economy to a healthy state in the years to come. About the Fair Tax. Sniffing Illegal! Fair Tax (2007). Available at www.fairtax.org. (22 April 2007). Executive Summary: The Fair Tax. Fair Tax (2007). Available at www.fairtax.org. (22 April 2007). H.R. 25: Far Tax Act of 2007. Track (2007). Available at Case Analysis examples http://www.govtrack.us/congress/bill.xpd?bill=h110-25. (22 April 2007). The Fair Tax Act of sniffing illegal, 2007 HR 25/S 1025. Fair Tax (2007).

Available at Case www.fairtax.org. (22 April 2007). The Impact of the Fair Tax on Small Business. Fair Tax (2007). Available at www.fairtax.org. (22 April 2007). Wolfe, Claire, and Aaron Zelman. The Fair Tax: A Trojan Horse for America? Jews for the Preservation of Firearms Ownership, Inc. Is Packet! (2004). Available at http://www.jpfo.org/fairtax.htm. (22 April 2007). Is this the perfect essay for you?

Save time and modern order The Fair Tax Act of 2007. essay editing for only $13.9 per page. Top grades and quality guaranteed! Relevant essay suggestions for The Fair Tax Act of 2007. The majority of dollars collected by the U.S. government come by way of corporate taxation. Is Packet Illegal! Prior to the Sixteenth Amendment direct taxes were illegal. All U.S. taxes are based on What is The Fair Labor Standards Act? Abstract The Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) of Essay, 1938 is one of the most important pieces of legislation ever enacted, giving a voice to the millions of Americans in our Causes and Effects of Taxes. I. Introduction A. One of the first lessons learned about cause and effect is the very important lesson, correlation does not imply causation. II.

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45 Biography Templates #038; Examples (Personal, Professional) A biography is simply an account of is packet illegal, someones life written by another person. A biography can be short in the case of few sentences biography, and it can also be long enough to fill an entire book. The short biographies explain a persons basic life facts and their importance, but the long biographies would go an extra mile and include more details to make an interesting read. Shoes Pakistan? You may find yourself in a situation which requires you to write a biography of a famous person, a close friend or a relative. For this reason, it pays to know how to come up with a biography and the important details that you should include in it. The lives of many people have interesting bits of information, but you ought to illegal, know what to capture in the biography and what to leave out. The length of a biography depends on modern gothic clothes, the type of illegal, information that should be included. Shoes? The length will determine the nature of information and how extensively it will explain the is packet illegal, life of a person.

For instance, if you are to pakistan, write a short paragraph about a person it will mostly capture the important details that identify the person compared to a pages-long biography that may even include the persons childhood experiences and achievements shaping their life. For a short biography, maybe a paragraph or two long, the following details should be captured: A persons date and is packet sniffing, place of birth, at times with the date and free, place of death as may be applicable The persons major achievements in life Their educational background and notable awards Work facts of a person and their contribution to sniffing illegal, that field if any A brief account of the significance of an individual in the community. A lengthy biography will bring out more details of a persons life making it a bit more complex. His/her history will be brought out more clearly especially the details that shaped them to be the persons they turned out to service shoes, be. The target audience will also dictate the sniffing, nature of the modern gothic clothes, information that is to be included. The relation of the audience to illegal, an individual will have an impact on how the information is presented and the important details that they could be interested in. In a case where the audience is unknown, more details will have to be included. This mostly happens in the case of a several paged biography. You will have to scrutinize the The Knowledge, person in is packet sniffing illegal, a more detailed way and establish more people relating to the person. Focusing on the uniqueness of an individual can do wonders in this case and this might turn out to be inspirational to many people.

The field that the person has majored in or had majored in ought to influence the direction that the biography will take as this will help to bring out the contribution of the individual to their field of study. Essay The French Prodigy? A biography is sniffing illegal, meant to analyze a persons life and interpret it as well. The French? A good biographer will try to join the dots and explain certain actions and events that a certain figure was involved in. This will help in clearly bringing out the significance of a persons life through their accomplishments or remarkable deeds. Biographies are usually written in a chronological order. Some biographers could also draft them in a themed order that is is packet illegal, early life, educational background, a persons achievements or accomplishments. But some especially the short ones will focus on service, one area in a persons life. There are several sources of information that could aid one in writing an astounding biography.

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The best biography templates should provide clear instructions, and this should be in great detail to avoid the risk of the writer missing out some important facts. The templates available on this site will help you capture all of the details. Turnitin? The biography templates should also be precise and avoid beating around the bush. Going round one idea or item will make the biography boring to read and it is prudent for the writer to be straight to the point. By doing this it will be easier for the readers to skim through and find the details they might be interested in with lots of easy. Is Packet Sniffing Illegal? The writer will also save his/her time and service shoes pakistan, concentrate on is packet illegal, writing other things. The general sections of any biography as outlined by why is imagery, our sample biographies will have; The name of the person A picture of the is packet illegal, person An account of Analysis Essay examples, their early life The persons family life The major achievements of the person The three main interesting qualities or facts about the individual.

A professional Biography Template. A professional biography is a statement that could either be short or long that is written about a person, business or company. It should be engaging, informative and interesting for the readers to identify with the person or business entity being talked about. It has a sales pitch that is a little bit different. A professional biography template is meant to is packet sniffing illegal, ease the process of generating printed professional biographies especially for an individual who wants to reach a lot of people or institutions.

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Your conclusion should mention any upcoming projects or works in progress that people should lookout for in the near future. Dont forget to mention your current place of residence. As you age, it is good to keep on updating your biography to imagery, reflect who you are at present time. You can make use of the personal biography template offered by this site to easily and in a more convenient way generate your own biography without missing out on is packet sniffing, the important details. We also provide sample biographies to give you a feel of what your end draft should look like. If you have kids and you want to let them in on famous historical figures, this site offers biographies for service pakistan, kids.

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Definitive Guide to Resume 71+ Free Resume Templates in is packet sniffing, Word, PSD #038; MAC. A resume is the most important watchword when it comes to imagery applying for jobs, regardless of the industry. Whether you are a fresher straight out of college or a veteran industry professional looking to move up the ladder, a resume is a basic prerequisite. Is Packet. It can be safely stated here that your job application is simply incomplete without a resume template . It can be dubbed as your primary representative to the company or the hiring manager, who you have to face for modern gothic clothes your interview. These templates are intended for personal use only. In case of is packet sniffing illegal commercial use, please give credit to this post. The function of the Issue Essay, resume is to present you as a possible candidate for the job you are applying for. Thus, it will shed some light on is packet sniffing illegal your educational qualifications, professional caliber, experience, and clothes, any special skills acquired or any relevant industry training you have taken, that would be useful for the proposed job. In short, the resume template will highlight your knowledge base and all the hard and soft skills that you possess and have developed, which could leverage your potential as a prospective candidate before the hiring manager. Added to all these, the resume will also include your personal details like name, contact information and sometimes, your picture. Besides, the sniffing illegal, resume would include any special achievements, awards or recognitions that you have received, which can highlight your position as a credible candidate for the job.

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A modern resume assures easy readability with its sleek and smart structure as well as legible fonts. Its a text-only document with a few bullet points and minimal graphical elements. Issue Essay. A modern resume can cater to is packet almost any kind of professional, hailing from turnitin free trail, any industry. However, it would be best for senior executives, engineers, doctors, accountants, and is packet illegal, academic professionals. The most important differentiating feature of a modern resume is that its always a text-only document and does not necessarily include the image of the applicant. And, its remarkably formal. A creative resume, as the name implies, does not follow any specific resume framework rules when it comes to presenting the about The French, resume. Is Packet Sniffing Illegal. It can take the form of a Facebook Timeline Page, a soda glass, and so on. These templates are intended for Essay personal use only. Is Packet Sniffing Illegal. In case of commercial use, please give credit to this post. A creative resume format enables you to prove your amazing creative instincts right from your resume, which you can present in any form or structure.

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Checklist for Essay examples Writing a Winning Resume. After you write your resume, there are some points that you have to check to ensure that your resume is on par with the standard resume expectations. Is your resume in proper alignment with the job and designation you are applying for? Is your resume legible enough, with a neat structure and readable font? Have you been able to maintain a professional tone and active voice throughout? Are there any grammar, spelling or typo mistakes? Is all the contact information given correct and sniffing illegal, professional? Have you included relevant skills and hobbies? Does your resume contain a clear and tailored job objective? Templates Samples in Different Categories. When it comes to writing a standard resume, most of the people turn to the internet for reference.

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An experienced resume should have umpteen things to cover. Alongside the professional contour and turnitin, career conduit, the resume should depict the illegal, technical acumen and the language section. In this knowledge, Cakeresume designs resumes for vastly experienced professionals such as Project Managers, Product Managers, and even for turnitin Vice Presidents of organizations. As your Resume is your inner voice which will do the talk in your absence, crafting it with utmost care is what it deserves. Theresponsivecv designs responsive resumes that perfectly blend with all devices. Your resume stands as the reason why you are called for a job. Hence craft it carefully. Is Packet Sniffing Illegal. Resumemaker makes sure that your precious time is not wasted in trial and error method. Dont disparage the value of a Resume. Download it today from professionals. Make your first point of contact and your testament, bullet proof.

Shriresume helps greatly in all your resume needs. Applicant Tracking Systems or ATS is one of the about Prodigy, important tools used by companies for screening resumes. Is Packet Sniffing Illegal. Around 50% of mid-sized companies, as well as all the MNCs employ an ATS for important scanning the pile of submitted resumes. Also known as Candidate Management System, ATS can be defined as a handy software application which is geared to help enterprises by efficiently screening the sniffing illegal, incoming applications for The Knowledge Essay a job opening. The software will help the hiring managers to post employment opportunities on the company websites, screen resumes and generate interview requests for potential candidates through email. The other features of ATS include various tracking activities, such as that of individual applicants, requisition, automated resume, tailored input forms, responses, pre-screening questions, and sniffing, multilingual capabilities. How does it affect the gothic, way your resume is screened? One of the is packet illegal, main functions of ATS is to about The French screen the candidates resumes. Once a resume is submitted online, it has to be screened through an ATS before it reaches the hiring manager. ATS will scan a candidates resume for particular job-specific keywords and if the resume does not contain those needed keywords it is most likely to is packet sniffing illegal get rejected. In fact, this database-type program helps the Case, employers in storing and organizing, as well as screening, sorting, keeping a tab and replying to each resume received.

For every job opening, a hiring manager would specify some particular job-relevant keywords into the ATS. As the resume goes through an ATS, it will start looking for those pre-programmed keywords in your resume and if it cannot find an is packet illegal, adequate number of those, your resume would be outright rejected. There are some points you must follow when you are looking to pass the ATS test with flying colors: Submit your resume online in .txt, .docx or .doc format. Text must be simply formatted and legible. Pakistan. Dont forget to include job title on is packet sniffing illegal your resume. Place email and phone before relevant information.

While mentioning qualifications chronologically, dates must be mentioned on the right side. Be careful when you are using accented words. Case Analysis. Your credentials must not be placed beside your name and should be mentioned on a separate line. Dont use too many font sizes and is packet illegal, types. Make sure there are no spelling mistakes and Case Analysis examples, typo errors in illegal, your resume. Make sure to include specific job-related keywords. Proper capitalization and punctuation are a must.

Dont forget to submit a customized resume. How to identify the keyword to get past the ATS? As mentioned earlier, the ATS will scan your resume based on the job-specific keywords and hence you must be careful to include the potential keywords in your resume. The keyword suggestions you can use here are: Job titles that you have held or currently holding; and why is imagery, the job title which you are aspiring for Manager, Assistant, etc. Tools specific to your industry the popular hardware, software or techniques that are pertinent to is packet illegal your profession and designation. Relevant education and training, degrees, diplomas, certifications, licenses etc. Essay The French. Common terms which can describe your work or responsibilities such as team leader.

Technical and is packet, professional acronyms Professional memberships. Though a CV and a resume are often used interchangeably, there are some stark differences between these two. In fact, there are some companies which might reject your candidature if your offer a resume instead of a CV, and vice-versa. Here is a brief on the major differences between these two, but you should know their definitions first: The acronym for Curriculum Vitae, CV, translates to Course of Life. It is a comprehensive document with complete details of your educational qualifications and achievements, spanning over 2 pages.

It will also cover your accomplishments like publications, honors, awards and so on. It maintains a chronological approach throughout. A resume focuses on concise information and does not go beyond a page, or a maximum of 2 pages. A resume covers your career biography, with the basic focus on service shoes your qualifications, training, skills, and achievements which would be relevant to the job. A CV is a detailed document and articulates your entire career in an elaborate order till date. It can be a document of sniffing 4 pages or more. A resume is pakistan always short, and mostly limited to is packet 1 page. A CV stresses on the academic accomplishments, while a resume concentrates on your skills. Analysis Essay Examples. A CV is required while applying for is packet academic positions, grants, and turnitin free trail, fellowships. A resume is required for applying for a job in an industry. Is Packet. A CV always starts with the educational qualifications, while a resume starts with the work experience if you have worked for at least one year in your industry.

The function of your resume is to present your candidature for the job in the best light possible, before your hiring manager. Writing an The Knowledge, invincible resume is no rocket science, but you have to is packet sniffing be strategic in your approach. On one hand, you have to make sure that your resume is able to represent your potential for the job in service, the right way and on the other hand, you have to check that its legible and is packet illegal, professional enough. These days, you have templates and resume builder tools to help you with the Issue, task. You should ensure that your resume is customized to is packet the job you are applying, and be strong enough to withstand the modern gothic clothes, scrutiny of the Applicant Tracking Systems.

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Master of Professional Accounting Program. The Master of Professional Accounting Program (MPAcc) is an innovative graduate degree program that attracts top-notch accounting students from across Canada and internationally. Created by visionary academics in response to the demand for applied, competency-based training, the is packet sniffing program actively involves students through the use of business cases, skills workshops, and other contemporary educational techniques. Over the course of two summer terms, students will complete a comprehensive graduate level accounting program that acts as a proven alternative route for The Knowledge Issue, students who are seeking the CPA designation in illegal, Canada. We are proud to have a first time pass rate of the Common Final Evaluation (CFE) exceeding 90%. The program also gives students an opportunity to develop an why is imagery important appreciation for the academic research process and is packet academe as a career choice. With the unification of the accounting bodies across Canada, the faculty and service shoes pakistan staff at Edwards decided to proactively adjust the MPAcc curriculum to match the needs of the new CPA Competency Map, and as a result became the only CPA Accredited post-secondary institution in western Canada. Students enrolled in is packet illegal, the MPAcc program will undertake an alternative route that covers the first five modules of the imagery CPA PEP program.

Upon completion, students will be able to enroll in is packet, Capstone Module 2, then take the Common Final Evaluation. MPAC 811Performance Management I. This course provides MPAcc students with a hands-on opportunity to develop the competencies needed to develop a risk management plan, formulate a firm's strategic direction, and evaluate its governance. Strategy determines the direction of the firm, which involves outlining where it is free today (analysis of its current situation), where it wants to go (what is a good strategy for is packet, the firm), and how it will get there (executing the chosen strategy). All management functions (finance, control, human resources, production, purchasing, logistics, marketing, information technology, etc.) exist to serve the firm in achieving its strategy, so this course is fundamental to why is imagery, your understanding of how organizations work.

The aim of this course is to is packet sniffing, develop an in-depth understanding of IFRS (International Financial Reporting Standards) and ASPE (Accounting Standards for Private Enterprises), including the underlying principles upon which the standards were developed. This course will include examination of the financial statements from public companies, analysis of articles from practitioner and academic journals, and participation in simulations of accounting scenarios. This course will review selected topics from the undergraduate Corporate Finance course and build upon that knowledge. This is accomplished through a deeper and richer consideration of trail a variety of approaches to financial valuation including discounted cash flow, earnings, and the residual income models. A secondary goal of this course is to develop skills appropriate for an entry level professional at exercising professional judgment and is packet illegal addressing client concerns. This course aims to develop knowledge of financial statement auditing concepts and practices, enhance critical thinking and analytical skills to service, support decision making, and is packet illegal develop awareness of relevant academic auditing research. This Master's level course examines many of the tax issues, problems and planning opportunities professional accountants encounter in Essay, providing tax services to taxpayers. Although the topics covered are mapped in sniffing illegal, the CPA's - CFE syllabus, this course examines the topics at a deeper level while at the same time providing the knowledge and skills helpful for free, challenging the CFE. This course provides an opportunity to develop insights into, and an appreciation for, the academic research process. During the course you will examine a number of academic research papers and engage in sniffing illegal, various research design exercises. You will also take part in an accounting research conference featuring invited academics from other programs.

You will demonstrate your learning through a combination of written submissions, discussions with the The Knowledge Issue Essay instructor, formal presentations and a final exam. MPAC 821Performance Management II. This course introduces students to the vital role that modern management accounting information plays in running a business in todays economy in the context of sniffing performance management. The course pays particular attention to the competency maps of all accounting professions with a view for the future CPA designation. To ensure coverage of the competencies, technical aspects of management accounting are emphasized and tested in this course.

However, we will also cover a strategic perspective to Case Analysis, management accounting. Illegal! In the Issue Essay end, you can be assured that the critical aspects of is packet sniffing illegal management accounting will be emphasized to prepare you for your future accounting and career requirements. MPAC 823Financial Reporting II. This course is designed to provide mastery of gothic clothes additional accounting concepts, apply student knowledge in a wide variety of circumstances, and further develop the skills required of professional accountants. Sniffing Illegal! As MPAC 813 precedes this course, students are expected to have a certain mastery of accounting principles before beginning. Emphasis in shoes, this course will be placed on integrating students understanding of GAAP principles. While the focus is is packet sniffing largely on profit-oriented firms, an understanding of Essay about Prodigy GAAP for not-for-profit and government organizations will be developed. The combination of MPAC 813 and MPAC 823 is is packet sniffing illegal intended to meet, and exceed, all Financial Accounting and Reporting objectives in the CPA Competency Map.

This course will review selected topics from Finance I such as a variety of approaches to financial valuation including discounted cash flow, earnings, and the residual income models. This course will also develop competenciesfor addressing the Finance Indicator on professional accounting certification exams, including financial viability analysis through analysis of cash flows and financial ratios. This course examines the turnitin free provision of assurance in modern business, government, and not-for-profit organizations. You will be introduced to sniffing illegal, several areas in which assurance is provided, and study in detail financial statement audit and review engagements. You also will study the provision of related professional services, which are not designed to provide a specific level of assurance. In this course students will: Develop knowledge of assurance concepts and practices relevant to the selected course topics Apply auditing concepts to novel situations (gain an understanding of auditing anything!) Enhance critical thinking and development of refined analytical skills to support decision making Develop professional skills. This Masters level course examines many of the tax issues, problems and planning opportunities professional accountants encounter in providing tax services to taxpayers. Among the topics examined are: a review of employment and service pakistan business net income for tax purposes, taxable income and tax payable.

This course will examine the life cycle of a taxpayer both professionally from student to employment to illegal, business startup to Essay The French, the eventual sale, windup or dissolution, and personally from student to having a family to illegal, being a senior and estate planning issues which are relevant to individual taxpayers, administrative and enforcement provisions. This course will integrate content from Performance Management, Finance, Tax, Assurance, and Financial Reporting using a variety of cases and simulations. Through this course, students will be able to: Analyze large integrated business problems Demonstrate critical thinking skills Make informed decisions Communicate results of analyses including assumptions made and decisions reached: orally and in written format Work effectively in a team environment. The MPAcc program has based its success around the core competencies outlined in the CPA Competency Map. These skills have been divided between two types of competencies:

Technical Competency Areas Enabling Competency Areas. These two areas work together to Analysis examples, create a professional level embodied by is packet illegal the CPA designation. To learn more about the CPA Competency Map,click here! Deadline to submit applications for the May 2019 start date is November 30, 2017. The Edwards MPAcc admissions team assesses applicants on a composite basis for admission purposes. Service! We look at a variety of factors when making admission decisions including undergraduate degree, grade point average, experience in the accounting field, and reference letters. Aninterview may be required. Your Completed Admission Package Includes:

Completed Online Application Form and $90 Application Fee A Transcriptof your Academic Record Supplemental Application Form Three Letters of Reference Current Resume English Proficiency Scores(if required) All documents must be uploaded to your online application. Applicants must have a four-year undergraduate degree from a recognized university.Applicants must demonstrate their ability to pursue advanced study with a minimum 70% overall average in the last two years of undergraduate studies. Unofficial transcripts from all post-secondary institutions that you have attended must be uploadedto yourapplication. Is Packet! Transcripts from the University of Saskatchewan do not need to be uploaded, but are required from why is important, all other institutions you have attended. For countries where degree certificates are issued, they must also be uploaded.If accepted, an official transcript of your academic record is to is packet illegal, be sent directly from each institution attended. Adequate preparation in Canadian Accounting principles as demonstrated by successful completion of the appropriate university-level prerequisites courses as designated by the Canadian Institute of service pakistan Chartered Professional Accountants for entrance into their Professional Education Program. For a detailed list, please refer to www.CPAWSB.ca. Students who have at sniffing, least four months of The French Prodigy work experience as an is packet sniffing articling student or in a similar position will be given preference. Work experience provides a practical framework that enhances the student's ability to Essay The French Prodigy, understand and critically assess the sniffing illegal subject matter considered in the MPAcc program. The Supplemental Application Form gives us background information on which courses you have completed and what work experience you have or plan on obtaining before MPAcc begins.

Download it here. The Edwards MPAcc requires you to submit 3 confidential letters of recommendation, from professors or others acquainted sufficiently with your training and experience to express an why is important opinion on your ability to undertake graduate training.Two of is packet sniffing these must be academic references and one professional. Contact your referees and ask them to provide a reference for you for the Edwards MPAcc program, and obtain an modern clothes up to is packet, date email address. Youwill thenfill out your referees complete information on the online application form, and enter their current email address. Once your application is completed, your referees will be sent a link where they can fill out an online form for your reference letter. Outline your previous work education and work experience (if applicable) so the selection committee can have a good understanding of gothic your background. IELTS(International English Language Testing System) measures ability to is packet illegal, communicate in English across all four language skills - listening, reading, writing and speaking. We only accept academic IELTS test scores, not general. A minimum score of6.5is required ineacharea.

All scores must be from why is imagery, one exam date, not to be combined with other exam dates. Tests are valid for24 monthsafter the illegal testing date and free must be valid at the beginning of the is packet sniffing student's first term of registration in the graduate program. Mount Royal Graduate Studies Fair. MRU Mainstreet, Mount Royal Univeristy, Calgary Alberta. UCalgary research, Graduate Schools Professions Fair. MacEwan Hall, U of C, Calgary, Alberta. U of A Grad School Professional Expo. Butterdome (Universiade Pavilion), Edmonton, Alberta. MacEwan Grad School Fair. 10700 - 104 Avenue. Multi-Purpose Room, Building 6, City Centre Campus, Edmonton, Alberta.

Room Y240, NAIT Campus, Edmonton, Alberta. Sinclair Boardroom (EB 1109) in the Bissett School of Business at MRU, Calgary, Alberta. U of C - MPAcc Info Session. EDC 276, U of modern C, Calgary, Alberta. Room TBA, SAIT Campus, Calgary Alberta. MacEwan - MPAcc Info Session. The College of Graduate and Postdoctoral Studies at the University of illegal Saskatchewan governs tuitions and examples fee structures for graduate programs across the university including the M.P.Acc. program. Graduate fees are comparable to similar programs at other universities.

The 2017-18 fee structure (effective September, 2017) for graduate studies is is packet provided below: Canadian Student Tuition (Entire program) International Student Tuition (Entire program) Subsequent year fees are subject to annual University of Saskatchewan Board of Governors approval. $15 per summer (approx) Student Fees - All graduate students, including international graduate students, must pay the clothes student fees. These fees are subject to review and revision at is packet, any time, and, they are non-refundable after the add/drop deadline for a given term. Current fees are posted on theMoney Matterswebsite.

For information on how and Analysis Essay when to sniffing illegal, pay graduate fees check the University Course Calendar forPayment of The Knowledge Issue Tuition and Compulsory Fees. Textbooks and Course Materials - Estimates are about $700 per summer for is packet illegal, class textbooks. This does not include the costs of a computer or other electronic equipment. You can purchase books online, including second hand books, from theUof S Bookstore website. If you would like more information on our program, please contact us!